Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Madagascar instead of Ethiopia, you would:


be 17.8% more likely to be obese

In Ethiopia, 4.5% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Madagascar, that number is 5.3% of people as of 2016.


be 89.7% less likely to be unemployed

In Ethiopia, 17.5% of adults are unemployed as of 2012. In Madagascar, that number is 1.8% as of 2017.

pay a 42.9% lower top tax rate

Ethiopia has a top tax rate of 35.0% as of 2016. In Madagascar, the top tax rate is 20.0% as of 2016.

make 27.3% less money

Ethiopia has a GDP per capita of $2,200 as of 2017, while in Madagascar, the GDP per capita is $1,600 as of 2017.

be 2.4 times more likely to live below the poverty line

In Ethiopia, 29.6% live below the poverty line as of 2014. In Madagascar, however, that number is 70.7% as of 2012.


be 16.5% less likely to die during childbirth

In Ethiopia, approximately 401.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Madagascar, 335.0 women do as of 2017.

be 44.4% more likely to be literate

In Ethiopia, the literacy rate is 51.8% as of 2017. In Madagascar, it is 74.8% as of 2018.

Basic Needs

be 46.6% less likely to have access to electricity

In Ethiopia, approximately 43% of people have electricity access (85% in urban areas, and 26% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Madagascar, that number is 23% of people on average (67% in urban areas, and 17% in rural areas) as of 2017.

be 47.4% less likely to have internet access

In Ethiopia, approximately 18.6% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Madagascar, about 9.8% do as of 2018.

be 19.4% less likely to have access to improved drinking water

In Ethiopia, approximately 69% of people have improved drinking water access (97% in urban areas, and 62% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Madagascar, that number is 56% of people on average (88% in urban areas, and 36% in rural areas) as of 2017.


spend 40.4% less on education

Ethiopia spends 4.7% of its total GDP on education as of 2015. Madagascar spends 2.8% of total GDP on education as of 2014.

Madagascar: At a glance

Madagascar is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 581,540 sq km. Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA handing over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA defeated RAVALOMANANA's favored candidate Jean-Louis ROBINSON in a presidential runoff and was inaugurated in January 2014. Most international observers, while noting some irregularities, declared polls to be a credible reflection of the Malagasy public's will.

How big is Madagascar compared to Ethiopia? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, General Direction of Taxes, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.


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