Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Madagascar instead of Ethiopia, you would:


live 3.7 years longer

In Ethiopia, the average life expectancy is 63 years (60 years for men, 65 years for women). In Madagascar, that number is 66 years (65 years for men, 68 years for women).

be 17.8% more likely to be obese

In Ethiopia, 4.5% of adults are obese. In Madagascar, that number is 5.3% of people.


be 88.0% less likely to be unemployed

In Ethiopia, 17.5% of adults are unemployed. In Madagascar, that number is 2.1%.

spend 42.9% less on taxes

Ethiopia has a top tax rate of 35.0%. In Madagascar, the top tax rate is 20.0%.

make 27.3% less money

Ethiopia has a GDP per capita of $2,200, while in Madagascar, the GDP per capita is $1,600.

be 2.4 times more likely to live below the poverty line

In Ethiopia, 29.6% live below the poverty line. In Madagascar, however, that number is 70.7%.


be 31.8% more likely to be literate

In Ethiopia, the literacy rate is 49.1%. In Madagascar, it is 64.7%.

be 16.9% less likely to die during infancy

In Ethiopia, approximately 49.6 children die before they reach the age of one. In Madagascar, on the other hand, 41.2 children do.

have 13.4% fewer children

In Ethiopia, there are approximately 36.5 babies per 1,000 people. In Madagascar, there are 31.6 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 37.5% less likely to have access to electricity

In Ethiopia, 24% of people have electricity access (85% in urban areas, and 10% in rural areas). In Madagascar, that number is 15% of people on average (37% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas).

be 69.5% less likely to have internet access

In Ethiopia, approximately 15.4% of the population has internet access. In Madagascar, about 4.7% do.

be 10.1% less likely to have access to improved drinking water

In Ethiopia, approximately 57% of people have improved drinking water access (93% in urban areas, and 49% in rural areas). In Madagascar, that number is 52% of people on average (82% in urban areas, and 35% in rural areas).


spend 53.3% less on education

Ethiopia spends 4.5% of its total GDP on education. Madagascar spends 2.1% of total GDP on education.

spend 38.8% less on healthcare

Ethiopia spends 4.9% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Madagascar, that number is 3.0% of GDP.

Madagascar: At a glance

Madagascar is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 581,540 sq km. Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA handing over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA defeated RAVALOMANANA's favored candidate Jean-Louis ROBINSON in a presidential runoff and was inaugurated in January 2014. Most international observers, while noting some irregularities, declared polls to be a credible reflection of the Malagasy public's will.

How big is Madagascar compared to Ethiopia? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, General Direction of Taxes, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.


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