Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Ethiopia instead of Madagascar, you would:

Health

be 15.1% less likely to be obese


In Madagascar, 5.3% of adults are obese. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people.

live 3.7 years less


In Madagascar, the average life expectancy is 66 years (65 years for men, 68 years for women). In Ethiopia, that number is 63 years (60 years for men, 65 years for women).

Economy

make 37.5% more money


Madagascar has a GDP per capita of $1,600, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200.

be 58.1% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Madagascar, 70.7% live below the poverty line. In Ethiopia, however, that number is 29.6%.

be 8.3 times more likely to be unemployed


In Madagascar, 2.1% of adults are unemployed. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5%.

spend 75.0% more on taxes


Madagascar has a top tax rate of 20.0%. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0%.

Life

have 15.5% more children


In Madagascar, there are approximately 31.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Ethiopia, there are 36.5 babies per 1,000 people.

be 24.1% less likely to be literate


In Madagascar, the literacy rate is 64.7%. In Ethiopia, it is 49.1%.

be 20.4% more likely to die during infancy


In Madagascar, approximately 41.2 children die before they reach the age of one. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, 49.6 children do.

Basic Needs

be 60.0% more likely to have access to electricity


In Madagascar, 15% of people have electricity access (37% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In Ethiopia, that number is 24% of people on average (85% in urban areas, and 10% in rural areas).

be 3.3 times more likely to have internet access


In Madagascar, approximately 4.7% of the population has internet access. In Ethiopia, about 15.4% do.

be 11.3% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Madagascar, approximately 52% of people have improved drinking water access (82% in urban areas, and 35% in rural areas). In Ethiopia, that number is 57% of people on average (93% in urban areas, and 49% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 2.1 times more on education


Madagascar spends 2.1% of its total GDP on education. Ethiopia spends 4.5% of total GDP on education.

spend 63.3% more on healthcare


Madagascar spends 3.0% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.9% of GDP.

Ethiopia: At a glance

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,000,000 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to Madagascar? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, General Direction of Taxes, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.

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