Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Ethiopia instead of Madagascar, you would:

Health

be 15.1% less likely to be obese


In Madagascar, 5.3% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people as of 2016.

Economy

make 37.5% more money


Madagascar has a GDP per capita of $1,600 as of 2017, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200 as of 2017.

be 58.1% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Madagascar, 70.7% live below the poverty line as of 2012. In Ethiopia, however, that number is 29.6% as of 2014.

be 9.7 times more likely to be unemployed


In Madagascar, 1.8% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5% as of 2012.

pay a 75.0% higher top tax rate


Madagascar has a top tax rate of 20.0% as of 2016. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0% as of 2016.

Life

be 19.7% more likely to die during childbirth


In Madagascar, approximately 335.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Ethiopia, 401.0 women do as of 2017.

be 30.7% less likely to be literate


In Madagascar, the literacy rate is 74.8% as of 2018. In Ethiopia, it is 51.8% as of 2017.

Basic Needs

be 87.3% more likely to have access to electricity


In Madagascar, approximately 23% of people have electricity access (67% in urban areas, and 17% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Ethiopia, that number is 43% of people on average (85% in urban areas, and 26% in rural areas) as of 2017.

be 90.0% more likely to have internet access


In Madagascar, approximately 9.8% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Ethiopia, about 18.6% do as of 2018.

be 24.1% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Madagascar, approximately 56% of people have improved drinking water access (88% in urban areas, and 36% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Ethiopia, that number is 69% of people on average (97% in urban areas, and 62% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 67.9% more on education


Madagascar spends 2.8% of its total GDP on education as of 2014. Ethiopia spends 4.7% of total GDP on education as of 2015.

Ethiopia: At a glance

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,096,570 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to Madagascar? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, General Direction of Taxes, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.

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