Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Iceland instead of Ethiopia, you would:


live 20.5 years longer

In Ethiopia, the average life expectancy is 63 years (60 years for men, 65 years for women). In Iceland, that number is 83 years (81 years for men, 85 years for women).

be 4.9 times more likely to be obese

In Ethiopia, 4.5% of adults are obese. In Iceland, that number is 21.9% of people.


make 23.5 times more money

Ethiopia has a GDP per capita of $2,200, while in Iceland, the GDP per capita is $51,800.

be 84.0% less likely to be unemployed

In Ethiopia, 17.5% of adults are unemployed. In Iceland, that number is 2.8%.

spend 32.3% more on taxes

Ethiopia has a top tax rate of 35.0%. In Iceland, the top tax rate is 46.3%.


be 99.2% less likely to die during childbirth

In Ethiopia, approximately 353.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Iceland, 3.0 women do.

be 95.8% less likely to die during infancy

In Ethiopia, approximately 49.6 children die before they reach the age of one. In Iceland, on the other hand, 2.1 children do.

have 62.5% fewer children

In Ethiopia, there are approximately 36.5 babies per 1,000 people. In Iceland, there are 13.7 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 4.2 times more likely to have access to electricity

In Ethiopia, 24% of the population has electricity access. In Iceland, 100% of the population do.

be 6.4 times more likely to have internet access

In Ethiopia, approximately 15.4% of the population has internet access. In Iceland, about 98.2% do.

be 74.5% more likely to have access to improved drinking water

In Ethiopia, approximately 57% of people have improved drinking water access (93% in urban areas, and 49% in rural areas). In Iceland, that number is 100% of people on average (100% in urban areas, and 100% in rural areas).


spend 73.3% more on education

Ethiopia spends 4.5% of its total GDP on education. Iceland spends 7.8% of total GDP on education.

spend 81.6% more on healthcare

Ethiopia spends 4.9% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Iceland, that number is 8.9% of GDP.

Iceland: At a glance

Iceland is a sovereign country in Europe, with a total land area of approximately 100,250 sq km. Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US. Denmark granted limited home rule in 1874 and complete independence in 1944. The second half of the 20th century saw substantial economic growth driven primarily by the fishing industry. The economy diversified greatly after the country joined the European Economic Area in 1994, but Iceland was especially hard hit by the global financial crisis in the years following 2008. Literacy, longevity, and social cohesion are first rate by world standards.

How big is Iceland compared to Ethiopia? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Directorate of Internal Revenue, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.


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