Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Russia instead of Ethiopia, you would:


live 8.4 years longer

In Ethiopia, the average life expectancy is 63 years (60 years for men, 65 years for women). In Russia, that number is 71 years (65 years for men, 77 years for women).

be 33.3% more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS

In Ethiopia, 0.9% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Russia, that number is 1.2% of people.

be 5.1 times more likely to be obese

In Ethiopia, 4.5% of adults are obese. In Russia, that number is 23.1% of people.


make 12.6 times more money

Ethiopia has a GDP per capita of $2,200, while in Russia, the GDP per capita is $27,800.

be 68.6% less likely to be unemployed

In Ethiopia, 17.5% of adults are unemployed. In Russia, that number is 5.5%.

be 55.1% less likely to be live below the poverty line

In Ethiopia, 29.6% live below the poverty line. In Russia, however, that number is 13.3%.

spend 62.9% less on taxes

Ethiopia has a top tax rate of 35.0%. In Russia, the top tax rate is 13.0%.


be 92.9% less likely to die during childbirth

In Ethiopia, approximately 353.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Russia, 25.0 women do.

be 2.0 times more likely to be literate

In Ethiopia, the literacy rate is 49.1%. In Russia, it is 99.7%.

be 86.3% less likely to die during infancy

In Ethiopia, approximately 49.6 children die before they reach the age of one. In Russia, on the other hand, 6.8 children do.

have 69.9% fewer children

In Ethiopia, there are approximately 36.5 babies per 1,000 people. In Russia, there are 11.0 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 4.2 times more likely to have access to electricity

In Ethiopia, 24% of the population has electricity access. In Russia, 100% of the population do.

be 5.0 times more likely to have internet access

In Ethiopia, approximately 15.4% of the population has internet access. In Russia, about 76.4% do.

be 69.1% more likely to have access to improved drinking water

In Ethiopia, approximately 57% of people have improved drinking water access (93% in urban areas, and 49% in rural areas). In Russia, that number is 97% of people on average (99% in urban areas, and 91% in rural areas).


spend 15.6% less on education

Ethiopia spends 4.5% of its total GDP on education. Russia spends 3.8% of total GDP on education.

spend 44.9% more on healthcare

Ethiopia spends 4.9% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Russia, that number is 7.1% of GDP.

Russia: At a glance

Russia is a sovereign country in Central Asia, with a total land area of approximately 16,377,742 sq km. Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy, was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new ROMANOV Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms. Repeated devastating defeats of the Russian army in World War I led to widespread rioting in the major cities of the Russian Empire and to the overthrow in 1917 of the imperial household. The communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after and formed the USSR. The brutal rule of Iosif STALIN (1928-53) strengthened communist rule and Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the following decades until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into Russia and 14 other independent republics. Since then, Russia has shifted its post-Soviet democratic ambitions in favor of a centralized semi-authoritarian state in which the leadership seeks to legitimize its rule through managed national elections, populist appeals by President PUTIN, and continued economic growth. Russia has severely disabled a Chechen rebel movement, although violence still occurs throughout the North Caucasus.

How big is Russia compared to Ethiopia? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Federal Tax Service of Russia, The World Factbook, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.


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