Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Cuba instead of Tanzania, you would:


be 91.1% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS

In Tanzania, 4.5% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Cuba, that number is 0.4% of people.

live 16.2 years longer

In Tanzania, the average life expectancy is 63 years (61 years for men, 64 years for women). In Cuba, that number is 79 years (76 years for men, 81 years for women).

be 2.9 times more likely to be obese

In Tanzania, 8.4% of adults are obese. In Cuba, that number is 24.6% of people.


make 3.8 times more money

Tanzania has a GDP per capita of $3,200, while in Cuba, the GDP per capita is $12,300.

be 78.6% less likely to be unemployed

In Tanzania, 10.3% of adults are unemployed. In Cuba, that number is 2.2%.


be 90.2% less likely to die during childbirth

In Tanzania, approximately 398.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Cuba, 39.0 women do.

be 28.1% more likely to be literate

In Tanzania, the literacy rate is 77.9%. In Cuba, it is 99.8%.

be 89.0% less likely to die during infancy

In Tanzania, approximately 39.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Cuba, on the other hand, 4.4 children do.

have 69.9% less children

In Tanzania, there are approximately 35.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Cuba, there are 10.7 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 4.2 times more likely to have access to electricity

In Tanzania, 24% of people have electricity access (71% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In Cuba, that number is 100% of people on average (100% in urban areas, and 95% in rural areas).

be 3.0 times more likely to have internet access

In Tanzania, approximately 13.0% of the population has internet access. In Cuba, about 38.8% do.

be 70.7% more likely to have access to improved drinking water

In Tanzania, approximately 56% of people have improved drinking water access (77% in urban areas, and 46% in rural areas). In Cuba, that number is 95% of people on average (96% in urban areas, and 90% in rural areas).


spend 3.7 times more on education

Tanzania spends 3.5% of its total GDP on education. Cuba spends 12.8% of total GDP on education.

spend 98.2% more on healthcare

Tanzania spends 5.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Cuba, that number is 11.1% of GDP.


see 2.6 times more coastline

Tanzania has a total of 1,424 km of coastline. In Cuba, that number is 3,735 km.

Cuba: At a glance

Cuba is a sovereign country in Central America/Caribbean, with a total land area of approximately 109,820 sq km. The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule eventually provoked an independence movement and occasional rebellions that were harshly suppressed. US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. Subsequently, the 1901 Platt Amendment to the Cuban constitution authorized the US to intevene in Cuba in the event of instability. The Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence from the US in 1902 after which the island experienced a string of governments mostly dominated by the military and corrupt politicians. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule held the subsequent regime together for nearly five decades. He stepped down as president in February 2008 in favor of his younger brother Raul CASTRO. Cuba's communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country faced a severe economic downturn in 1990 following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies worth $4-6 billion annually. Cuba at times portrays the US embargo, in place since 1961, as the source if its difficulties. Illicit migration to the US - using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the US's southwest border - is a continuing problem. The US Coast Guard interdicted 1,357 Cuban nationals attempting to cross the Straits of Florida in 2013. Also in 2013, 14,251 Cuban migrants presented themselves at various land border ports of entry through out the US.

How big is Cuba compared to Tanzania? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.


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