Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in India instead of Tanzania, you would:

Health

be 95.6% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Tanzania, 4.5% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In India, that number is 0.2% of people.

live 6.2 years longer


In Tanzania, the average life expectancy is 63 years (61 years for men, 64 years for women). In India, that number is 69 years (68 years for men, 70 years for women).

be 53.6% less likely to be obese


In Tanzania, 8.4% of adults are obese. In India, that number is 3.9% of people.

Economy

make 2.2 times more money


Tanzania has a GDP per capita of $3,200, while in India, the GDP per capita is $7,200.

be 14.6% less likely to be unemployed


In Tanzania, 10.3% of adults are unemployed. In India, that number is 8.8%.

spend 18.5% more on taxes


Tanzania has a top tax rate of 30.0%. In India, the top tax rate is 35.5%.

Life

be 56.3% less likely to die during childbirth


In Tanzania, approximately 398.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In India, 174.0 women do.

have 46.6% less children


In Tanzania, there are approximately 35.6 babies per 1,000 people. In India, there are 19.0 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 3.3 times more likely to have access to electricity


In Tanzania, 24% of people have electricity access (71% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In India, that number is 79% of people on average (98% in urban areas, and 70% in rural areas).

be 2.3 times more likely to have internet access


In Tanzania, approximately 13.0% of the population has internet access. In India, about 29.5% do.

be 69.2% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Tanzania, approximately 56% of people have improved drinking water access (77% in urban areas, and 46% in rural areas). In India, that number is 94% of people on average (97% in urban areas, and 93% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 16.1% less on healthcare


Tanzania spends 5.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In India, that number is 4.7% of GDP.

Geography

see 4.9 times more coastline


Tanzania has a total of 1,424 km of coastline. In India, that number is 7,000 km.

India: At a glance

India is a sovereign country in South Asia, with a total land area of approximately 2,973,193 sq km. The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into northwestern India. Aryan tribes from the northwest infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of nonviolent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence, which was granted in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighboring nations have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 emboldened Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in 1991 and a massive youthful population are driving India's emergence as a regional and global power.

How big is India compared to Tanzania? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Tanzania Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

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