Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Sri Lanka instead of Ghana, you would:

Health

be 94.1% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Ghana, 1.7% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In Sri Lanka, that number is 0.1% of people as of 2018.

live 9.3 years longer


In Ghana, the average life expectancy is 68 years (66 years for men, 71 years for women) as of 2020. In Sri Lanka, that number is 78 years (74 years for men, 81 years for women) as of 2020.

be 52.3% less likely to be obese


In Ghana, 10.9% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Sri Lanka, that number is 5.2% of people as of 2016.

Economy

make 2.7 times more money


Ghana has a GDP per capita of $4,700 as of 2017, while in Sri Lanka, the GDP per capita is $12,900 as of 2017.

be 63.0% less likely to be unemployed


In Ghana, 11.9% of adults are unemployed as of 2015. In Sri Lanka, that number is 4.4% as of 2017.

be 72.3% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Ghana, 24.2% live below the poverty line as of 2013. In Sri Lanka, however, that number is 6.7% as of 2012.

pay a 40.0% lower top tax rate


Ghana has a top tax rate of 25.0% as of 2016. In Sri Lanka, the top tax rate is 15.0% as of 2016.

Life

be 88.3% less likely to die during childbirth


In Ghana, approximately 308.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Sri Lanka, 36.0 women do as of 2017.

be 20.0% more likely to be literate


In Ghana, the literacy rate is 76.6% as of 2015. In Sri Lanka, it is 91.9% as of 2017.

be 75.7% less likely to die during infancy


In Ghana, approximately 32.1 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Sri Lanka, on the other hand, 7.8 children do as of 2020.

have 52.0% fewer children


In Ghana, there are approximately 29.6 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Sri Lanka, there are 14.2 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 20.6% more likely to have access to electricity


In Ghana, approximately 79% of people have electricity access (90% in urban areas, and 67% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Sri Lanka, that number is 96% of people on average (100% in urban areas, and 95% in rural areas) as of 2016.

be 12.5% less likely to have internet access


In Ghana, approximately 39.0% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Sri Lanka, about 34.1% do as of 2018.

Expenditures

spend 22.2% less on education


Ghana spends 3.6% of its total GDP on education as of 2017. Sri Lanka spends 2.8% of total GDP on education as of 2017.

Geography

see 2.5 times more coastline


Ghana has a total of 539 km of coastline. In Sri Lanka, that number is 1,340 km.

Sri Lanka: At a glance

Sri Lanka is a sovereign country in South Asia, with a total land area of approximately 64,630 sq km. The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from circa 200 B.C. to circa A.D. 1000) and Polonnaruwa (from about 1070 to 1200). In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty established a Tamil kingdom in northern Sri Lanka. The coastal areas of the island were controlled by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century. The island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was formally united under British rule by 1815. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted into war in 1983. After two decades of fighting, the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formalized a cease-fire in February 2002 with Norway brokering peace negotiations. Violence between the LTTE and government forces intensified in 2006, but the government regained control of the Eastern Province in 2007. By May 2009, the government announced that its military had defeated the remnants of the LTTE. Since the end of the conflict, the government has enacted an ambitious program of economic development projects, many of which are financed by loans from the Government of China. In addition to efforts to reconstruct its economy, the government has resettled more than 95% of those civilians who were displaced during the final phase of the conflict and released the vast majority of former LTTE combatants captured by Government Security Forces. At the same time, there has been little progress on more contentious and politically difficult issues such as reaching a political settlement with Tamil elected representatives and holding accountable those alleged to have been involved in human rights violations and other abuses during the conflict.

How big is Sri Lanka compared to Ghana? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Ghana Revenue Authority, Sri Lanka Inland Revenue Department.

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