Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Ethiopia instead of Ghana, you would:

Health

be 41.2% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Ghana, 1.7% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In Ethiopia, that number is 1.0% of people as of 2018.

be 58.7% less likely to be obese


In Ghana, 10.9% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people as of 2016.

live 0.7 years less


In Ghana, the average life expectancy is 68 years (66 years for men, 71 years for women) as of 2020. In Ethiopia, that number is 68 years (66 years for men, 70 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

make 53.2% less money


Ghana has a GDP per capita of $4,700 as of 2017, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200 as of 2017.

be 47.1% more likely to be unemployed


In Ghana, 11.9% of adults are unemployed as of 2015. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5% as of 2012.

be 22.3% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In Ghana, 24.2% live below the poverty line as of 2013. In Ethiopia, however, that number is 29.6% as of 2014.

pay a 40.0% higher top tax rate


Ghana has a top tax rate of 25.0% as of 2016. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0% as of 2016.

Life

be 30.2% more likely to die during childbirth


In Ghana, approximately 308.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Ethiopia, 401.0 women do as of 2017.

be 32.4% less likely to be literate


In Ghana, the literacy rate is 76.6% as of 2015. In Ethiopia, it is 51.8% as of 2017.

be 11.5% more likely to die during infancy


In Ghana, approximately 32.1 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, 35.8 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 45.9% less likely to have access to electricity


In Ghana, approximately 79% of people have electricity access (90% in urban areas, and 67% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Ethiopia, that number is 43% of people on average (85% in urban areas, and 26% in rural areas) as of 2017.

be 52.3% less likely to have internet access


In Ghana, approximately 39.0% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Ethiopia, about 18.6% do as of 2018.

be 23.4% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Ghana, approximately 90% of people have improved drinking water access (97% in urban areas, and 81% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Ethiopia, that number is 69% of people on average (97% in urban areas, and 62% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 30.6% more on education


Ghana spends 3.6% of its total GDP on education as of 2017. Ethiopia spends 4.7% of total GDP on education as of 2015.

Ethiopia: At a glance

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,096,570 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to Ghana? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Ghana Revenue Authority, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.

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