Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Timor-Leste instead of Estonia, you would:


be 82.1% less likely to be obese

In Estonia, 21.2% of adults are obese. In Timor-Leste, that number is 3.8% of people.

live 8.5 years less

In Estonia, the average life expectancy is 77 years (72 years for men, 82 years for women). In Timor-Leste, that number is 68 years (67 years for men, 70 years for women).


be 25.4% less likely to be unemployed

In Estonia, 5.9% of adults are unemployed. In Timor-Leste, that number is 4.4%.

make 83.0% less money

Estonia has a GDP per capita of $31,800, while in Timor-Leste, the GDP per capita is $5,400.

be 98.1% more likely to be live below the poverty line

In Estonia, 21.1% live below the poverty line. In Timor-Leste, however, that number is 41.8%.


have 3.3 times more children

In Estonia, there are approximately 10.1 babies per 1,000 people. In Timor-Leste, there are 33.4 babies per 1,000 people.

be 23.9 times more likely to die during childbirth

In Estonia, approximately 9.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Timor-Leste, 215.0 women do.

be 32.4% less likely to be literate

In Estonia, the literacy rate is 99.8%. In Timor-Leste, it is 67.5%.

be 9.2 times more likely to die during infancy

In Estonia, approximately 3.8 children die before they reach the age of one. In Timor-Leste, on the other hand, 35.1 children do.

Basic Needs

be 58.0% less likely to have access to electricity

In Estonia, 100% of the population has electricity access. In Timor-Leste, 42% of the population do.

be 71.1% less likely to have internet access

In Estonia, approximately 87.2% of the population has internet access. In Timor-Leste, about 25.2% do.

be 27.8% less likely to have access to improved drinking water

In Estonia, approximately 100% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 99% in rural areas). In Timor-Leste, that number is 72% of people on average (95% in urban areas, and 60% in rural areas).


spend 76.6% less on healthcare

Estonia spends 6.4% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Timor-Leste, that number is 1.5% of GDP.

spend 36.4% more on education

Estonia spends 5.5% of its total GDP on education. Timor-Leste spends 7.5% of total GDP on education.


see 81.4% less coastline

Estonia has a total of 3,794 km of coastline. In Timor-Leste, that number is 706 km.

Timor-Leste: At a glance

Timor-Leste is a sovereign country in East/Southeast Asia, with a total land area of approximately 14,874 sq km. The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. However, in the next three weeks, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. Most of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, Australian-led peacekeeping troops deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste, and the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack, and most of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the attack, the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability, including successful 2012 elections for both the parliament and president. In late 2012, the UN Security Council voted to end its peacekeeping mission in Timor-Leste and both the ISF and UNMIT departed the country by the end of the year.

How big is Timor-Leste compared to Estonia? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.


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