Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Mongolia instead of Tanzania, you would:

Health

be 97.8% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Tanzania, 4.5% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Mongolia, that number is 0.1% of people.

live 7.3 years longer


In Tanzania, the average life expectancy is 63 years (61 years for men, 64 years for women). In Mongolia, that number is 70 years (66 years for men, 74 years for women).

be 2.5 times more likely to be obese


In Tanzania, 8.4% of adults are obese. In Mongolia, that number is 20.6% of people.

Economy

make 4.1 times more money


Tanzania has a GDP per capita of $3,200, while in Mongolia, the GDP per capita is $13,000.

be 29.1% less likely to be unemployed


In Tanzania, 10.3% of adults are unemployed. In Mongolia, that number is 7.3%.

spend 66.7% less on taxes


Tanzania has a top tax rate of 30.0%. In Mongolia, the top tax rate is 10.0%.

be 29.8% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In Tanzania, 22.8% live below the poverty line. In Mongolia, however, that number is 29.6%.

Life

be 88.9% less likely to die during childbirth


In Tanzania, approximately 398.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Mongolia, 44.0 women do.

be 26.3% more likely to be literate


In Tanzania, the literacy rate is 77.9%. In Mongolia, it is 98.4%.

be 47.1% less likely to die during infancy


In Tanzania, approximately 39.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Mongolia, on the other hand, 21.1 children do.

have 46.9% less children


In Tanzania, there are approximately 35.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Mongolia, there are 18.9 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 3.8 times more likely to have access to electricity


In Tanzania, 24% of people have electricity access (71% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In Mongolia, that number is 90% of people on average (98% in urban areas, and 73% in rural areas).

be 71.5% more likely to have internet access


In Tanzania, approximately 13.0% of the population has internet access. In Mongolia, about 22.3% do.

be 15.8% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Tanzania, approximately 56% of people have improved drinking water access (77% in urban areas, and 46% in rural areas). In Mongolia, that number is 64% of people on average (66% in urban areas, and 59% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 16.1% less on healthcare


Tanzania spends 5.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Mongolia, that number is 4.7% of GDP.

spend 48.6% more on education


Tanzania spends 3.5% of its total GDP on education. Mongolia spends 5.2% of total GDP on education.

Mongolia: At a glance

Mongolia is a sovereign country in East/Southeast Asia, with a total land area of approximately 1,553,556 sq km. The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party that lasted until January 2012. In 2009, current President ELBEGDORJ of the Democratic Party was elected to office and was re-elected for his second term in June 2013. In 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. Shortly thereafter, a new party was formed by former president ENKHBAYAR, which adopted the MPRP name. In the 2012 Parliamentary elections, a coalition of four political parties led by the Democratic Party, gained control of the Parliament.

How big is Mongolia compared to Tanzania? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Tanzania Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, General Department of National Taxation.

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