Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in South Africa instead of Peru, you would:

Health

be 68.0 times more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Peru, 0.3% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In South Africa, that number is 20.4% of people as of 2018.

live 9.9 years less


In Peru, the average life expectancy is 75 years (73 years for men, 77 years for women) as of 2020. In South Africa, that number is 65 years (63 years for men, 66 years for women) as of 2020.

be 43.7% more likely to be obese


In Peru, 19.7% of adults are obese as of 2016. In South Africa, that number is 28.3% of people as of 2016.

Economy

be 26.9% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Peru, 22.7% live below the poverty line as of 2014. In South Africa, however, that number is 16.6% as of 2016.

be 4.0 times more likely to be unemployed


In Peru, 6.9% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In South Africa, that number is 27.5% as of 2017.

pay a 50.0% higher top tax rate


Peru has a top tax rate of 30.0% as of 2016. In South Africa, the top tax rate is 45.0% as of 2017.

Life

have 12.9% more children


In Peru, there are approximately 17.0 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In South Africa, there are 19.2 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 35.2% more likely to die during childbirth


In Peru, approximately 88.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In South Africa, 119.0 women do as of 2017.

be 66.5% more likely to die during infancy


In Peru, approximately 16.7 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In South Africa, on the other hand, 27.8 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 11.4% less likely to have access to electricity


In Peru, approximately 95% of people have electricity access (97% in urban areas, and 89% in rural areas) as of 2017. In South Africa, that number is 84% of people on average (93% in urban areas, and 68% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 59.0% more on education


Peru spends 3.9% of its total GDP on education as of 2017. South Africa spends 6.2% of total GDP on education as of 2018.

Geography

see 15.9% more coastline


Peru has a total of 2,414 km of coastline. In South Africa, that number is 2,798 km.

South Africa: At a glance

South Africa (sometimes abbreviated RSA) is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,214,470 sq km. Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice route between the Netherlands and the Far East, founding the city of Cape Town. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, many of the Dutch settlers (the Boers) trekked north to found their own republics. The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) spurred wealth and immigration and intensified the subjugation of the native inhabitants. The Boers resisted British encroachments but were defeated in the Second Anglo Boer War (1899-1902); however, the British and the Afrikaners, as the Boers became known, ruled together beginning in 1910 under the Union of South Africa, which became a republic in 1961 after a whites-only referendum. In 1948, the National Party was voted into power and instituted a policy of apartheid - the separate development of the races - which favored the white minority at the expense of the black majority. The African National Congress (ANC) led the opposition to apartheid and many top ANC leaders, such as Nelson MANDELA, spent decades in South Africa's prisons. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule. The first multi-racial elections in 1994 brought an end to apartheid and ushered in majority rule under an ANC-led government. South Africa since then has struggled to address apartheid-era imbalances in decent housing, education, and health care. ANC infighting, which has grown in recent years, came to a head in September 2008 when President Thabo MBEKI resigned, and Kgalema MOTLANTHE, the party's General-Secretary, succeeded him as interim president. Jacob ZUMA became president after the ANC won general elections in April 2009. National presidential and parliamentary elections are scheduled for May 2014.

How big is South Africa compared to Peru? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Superintendencia Nacional de Aduanas y de Administración Tributaria, South African Revenue Service.

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