Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Rwanda instead of Belgium, you would:

Health

be 73.8% less likely to be obese


In Belgium, 22.1% of adults are obese. In Rwanda, that number is 5.8% of people.

live 16.8 years less


In Belgium, the average life expectancy is 81 years (78 years for men, 84 years for women). In Rwanda, that number is 64 years (62 years for men, 66 years for women).

Economy

be 63.0% less likely to be unemployed


In Belgium, 7.3% of adults are unemployed. In Rwanda, that number is 2.7%.

spend 44.1% less on taxes


Belgium has a top tax rate of 53.7%. In Rwanda, the top tax rate is 30.0%.

make 95.5% less money


Belgium has a GDP per capita of $46,600, while in Rwanda, the GDP per capita is $2,100.

be 2.6 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In Belgium, 15.1% live below the poverty line. In Rwanda, however, that number is 39.1%.

Life

have 2.7 times more children


In Belgium, there are approximately 11.3 babies per 1,000 people. In Rwanda, there are 30.7 babies per 1,000 people.

be 41.4 times more likely to die during childbirth


In Belgium, approximately 7.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Rwanda, 290.0 women do.

be 8.7 times more likely to die during infancy


In Belgium, approximately 3.4 children die before they reach the age of one. In Rwanda, on the other hand, 29.7 children do.

Basic Needs

be 79.0% less likely to have access to electricity


In Belgium, 100% of the population has electricity access. In Rwanda, 21% of the population do.

be 23.9% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Belgium, approximately 100% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 100% in rural areas). In Rwanda, that number is 76% of people on average (87% in urban areas, and 72% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 47.0% less on education


Belgium spends 6.6% of its total GDP on education. Rwanda spends 3.5% of total GDP on education.

spend 29.2% less on healthcare


Belgium spends 10.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Rwanda, that number is 7.5% of GDP.

Rwanda: At a glance

Rwanda is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 24,668 sq km. In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in a state-orchestrated genocide, in which Rwandans killed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the Tutsi population. The genocide ended later that same year when the predominantly Tutsi RPF, operating out of Uganda and northern Rwanda, defeated the national army and Hutu militias, and established an RPF-led government of national unity. Approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and former Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF did in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there, and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009. In January 2013, Rwanda assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

How big is Rwanda compared to Belgium? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Service Public Fédéral Finances, The World Factbook, Rwanda Revenue Authority.

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