Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Kazakhstan instead of Turkmenistan, you would:


be 12.9% more likely to be obese

In Turkmenistan, 18.6% of adults are obese. In Kazakhstan, that number is 21.0% of people.


make 45.3% more money

Turkmenistan has a GDP per capita of $18,100, while in Kazakhstan, the GDP per capita is $26,300.

be 54.5% less likely to be unemployed

In Turkmenistan, 11.0% of adults are unemployed. In Kazakhstan, that number is 5.0%.

be 13.0 times more likely to live below the poverty line

In Turkmenistan, 0.2% live below the poverty line. In Kazakhstan, however, that number is 2.6%.


be 71.4% less likely to die during childbirth

In Turkmenistan, approximately 42.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Kazakhstan, 12.0 women do.

be 42.9% less likely to die during infancy

In Turkmenistan, approximately 34.3 children die before they reach the age of one. In Kazakhstan, on the other hand, 19.6 children do.

Basic Needs

be 4.3 times more likely to have internet access

In Turkmenistan, approximately 18.0% of the population has internet access. In Kazakhstan, about 76.8% do.

be 30.7% more likely to have access to improved drinking water

In Turkmenistan, approximately 71% of people have improved drinking water access (89% in urban areas, and 54% in rural areas). In Kazakhstan, that number is 93% of people on average (99% in urban areas, and 86% in rural areas).


spend 2.1 times more on healthcare

Turkmenistan spends 2.1% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Kazakhstan, that number is 4.4% of GDP.

Kazakhstan: At a glance

Kazakhstan is a sovereign country in Central Asia, with a total land area of approximately 2,699,700 sq km. Ethnic Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated to the region by the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-ethnic Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Non-Muslim ethnic minorities departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s and a national program has repatriated about a million ethnic Kazakhs back to Kazakhstan. These trends have allowed Kazakhs to become the titular majority again. This dramatic demographic shift has also undermined the previous religious diversity and made the country more than 70 percent Muslim. Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states largely due to the country's vast natural resources. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; managing Islamic revivalism; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; diversifying the economy outside the oil, gas, and mining sectors; enhancing Kazakhstan's economic competitiveness; developing a multiparty parliament and advancing political and social reform; and strengthening relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.

How big is Kazakhstan compared to Turkmenistan? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.


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