Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Ethiopia instead of Tanzania, you would:


be 80.0% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS

In Tanzania, 4.5% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Ethiopia, that number is 0.9% of people.

be 46.4% less likely to be obese

In Tanzania, 8.4% of adults are obese. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people.


make 31.2% less money

Tanzania has a GDP per capita of $3,200, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200.

be 69.9% more likely to be unemployed

In Tanzania, 10.3% of adults are unemployed. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5%.

be 29.8% more likely to be live below the poverty line

In Tanzania, 22.8% live below the poverty line. In Ethiopia, however, that number is 29.6%.

spend 16.7% more on taxes

Tanzania has a top tax rate of 30.0%. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0%.


be 37.0% less likely to be literate

In Tanzania, the literacy rate is 77.9%. In Ethiopia, it is 49.1%.

be 24.3% more likely to die during infancy

In Tanzania, approximately 39.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, 49.6 children do.

Basic Needs

be 18.5% more likely to have internet access

In Tanzania, approximately 13.0% of the population has internet access. In Ethiopia, about 15.4% do.


spend 12.5% less on healthcare

Tanzania spends 5.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.9% of GDP.

spend 28.6% more on education

Tanzania spends 3.5% of its total GDP on education. Ethiopia spends 4.5% of total GDP on education.

Ethiopia: At a glance

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,000,000 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to Tanzania? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Tanzania Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.


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