If you lived in Tanzania instead of Ethiopia, you would:


be 4.6 times more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS

In Ethiopia, 1.0% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In Tanzania, that number is 4.6% of people as of 2018.

live 3.6 years less

In Ethiopia, the average life expectancy is 68 years (66 years for men, 70 years for women) as of 2020. In Tanzania, that number is 64 years (62 years for men, 66 years for women) as of 2020.

be 86.7% more likely to be obese

In Ethiopia, 4.5% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Tanzania, that number is 8.4% of people as of 2016.


make 45.5% more money

Ethiopia has a GDP per capita of $2,200 as of 2017, while in Tanzania, the GDP per capita is $3,200 as of 2017.

be 41.1% less likely to be unemployed

In Ethiopia, 17.5% of adults are unemployed as of 2012. In Tanzania, that number is 10.3% as of 2014.

be 23.0% less likely to live below the poverty line

In Ethiopia, 29.6% live below the poverty line as of 2014. In Tanzania, however, that number is 22.8% as of 2015.

pay a 14.3% lower top tax rate

Ethiopia has a top tax rate of 35.0% as of 2016. In Tanzania, the top tax rate is 30.0% as of 2016.


be 50.4% more likely to be literate

In Ethiopia, the literacy rate is 51.8% as of 2017. In Tanzania, it is 77.9% as of 2015.

be 30.7% more likely to die during childbirth

In Ethiopia, approximately 401.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Tanzania, 524.0 women do as of 2017.

Basic Needs

be 34.3% more likely to have internet access

In Ethiopia, approximately 18.6% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Tanzania, about 25.0% do as of 2018.

be 23.1% less likely to have access to electricity

In Ethiopia, approximately 43% of people have electricity access (85% in urban areas, and 26% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Tanzania, that number is 33% of people on average (65% in urban areas, and 17% in rural areas) as of 2017.


spend 27.7% less on education

Ethiopia spends 4.7% of its total GDP on education as of 2015. Tanzania spends 3.4% of total GDP on education as of 2014.

The statistics above were calculated using the following data sources: Tanzania Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.

Tanzania: At a glance

Tanzania is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 885,800 sq km. Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.
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How big is Tanzania compared to Ethiopia? See an in-depth size comparison.

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