Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Botswana instead of Tanzania, you would:

Health

live 0.7 years longer


In Tanzania, the average life expectancy is 63 years (61 years for men, 64 years for women). In Botswana, that number is 63 years (61 years for men, 66 years for women).

be 5.1 times more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Tanzania, 4.5% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Botswana, that number is 22.8% of people.

be 2.2 times more likely to be obese


In Tanzania, 8.4% of adults are obese. In Botswana, that number is 18.9% of people.

Economy

make 5.6 times more money


Tanzania has a GDP per capita of $3,200, while in Botswana, the GDP per capita is $17,800.

be 15.4% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Tanzania, 22.8% live below the poverty line. In Botswana, however, that number is 19.3%.

spend 16.7% less on taxes


Tanzania has a top tax rate of 30.0%. In Botswana, the top tax rate is 25.0%.

be 94.2% more likely to be unemployed


In Tanzania, 10.3% of adults are unemployed. In Botswana, that number is 20.0%.

Life

be 67.6% less likely to die during childbirth


In Tanzania, approximately 398.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Botswana, 129.0 women do.

be 25.8% less likely to die during infancy


In Tanzania, approximately 39.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Botswana, on the other hand, 29.6 children do.

be 13.6% more likely to be literate


In Tanzania, the literacy rate is 77.9%. In Botswana, it is 88.5%.

have 37.9% less children


In Tanzania, there are approximately 35.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Botswana, there are 22.1 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 2.8 times more likely to have access to electricity


In Tanzania, 24% of people have electricity access (71% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In Botswana, that number is 66% of people on average (75% in urban areas, and 54% in rural areas).

be 3.0 times more likely to have internet access


In Tanzania, approximately 13.0% of the population has internet access. In Botswana, about 39.4% do.

be 73.0% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Tanzania, approximately 56% of people have improved drinking water access (77% in urban areas, and 46% in rural areas). In Botswana, that number is 96% of people on average (99% in urban areas, and 92% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 2.7 times more on education


Tanzania spends 3.5% of its total GDP on education. Botswana spends 9.6% of total GDP on education.

Botswana: At a glance

Botswana is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 566,730 sq km. Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. More than four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most stable economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

How big is Botswana compared to Tanzania? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Tanzania Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, Botswana Unified Revenue Service.

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