Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Tanzania instead of Botswana, you would:

Health

be 77.3% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Botswana, 20.3% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In Tanzania, that number is 4.6% of people as of 2018.

be 55.6% less likely to be obese


In Botswana, 18.9% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Tanzania, that number is 8.4% of people as of 2016.

live 0.9 years less


In Botswana, the average life expectancy is 65 years (63 years for men, 67 years for women) as of 2020. In Tanzania, that number is 64 years (62 years for men, 66 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

be 48.5% less likely to be unemployed


In Botswana, 20.0% of adults are unemployed as of 2013. In Tanzania, that number is 10.3% as of 2014.

make 81.2% less money


Botswana has a GDP per capita of $17,000 as of 2017, while in Tanzania, the GDP per capita is $3,200 as of 2017.

be 18.1% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In Botswana, 19.3% live below the poverty line as of 2009. In Tanzania, however, that number is 22.8% as of 2015.

pay a 20.0% higher top tax rate


Botswana has a top tax rate of 25.0% as of 2016. In Tanzania, the top tax rate is 30.0% as of 2016.

Life

have 65.6% more children


In Botswana, there are approximately 20.9 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Tanzania, there are 34.6 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 3.6 times more likely to die during childbirth


In Botswana, approximately 144.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Tanzania, 524.0 women do as of 2017.

be 12.0% less likely to be literate


In Botswana, the literacy rate is 88.5% as of 2015. In Tanzania, it is 77.9% as of 2015.

be 35.8% more likely to die during infancy


In Botswana, approximately 26.8 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Tanzania, on the other hand, 36.4 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 45.6% less likely to have access to electricity


In Botswana, approximately 61% of people have electricity access (78% in urban areas, and 38% in rural areas) as of 2016. In Tanzania, that number is 33% of people on average (65% in urban areas, and 17% in rural areas) as of 2017.

be 46.8% less likely to have internet access


In Botswana, approximately 47.0% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Tanzania, about 25.0% do as of 2018.

be 29.6% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Botswana, approximately 97% of people have improved drinking water access (98% in urban areas, and 94% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Tanzania, that number is 68% of people on average (92% in urban areas, and 56% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 64.6% less on education


Botswana spends 9.6% of its total GDP on education as of 2009. Tanzania spends 3.4% of total GDP on education as of 2014.

Tanzania: At a glance

Tanzania is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 885,800 sq km. Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.

How big is Tanzania compared to Botswana? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Tanzania Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, Botswana Unified Revenue Service.

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