Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Turkmenistan instead of Zimbabwe, you would:


live 10.0 years longer

In Zimbabwe, the average life expectancy is 60 years (58 years for men, 62 years for women). In Turkmenistan, that number is 70 years (67 years for men, 74 years for women).

be 20.0% more likely to be obese

In Zimbabwe, 15.5% of adults are obese. In Turkmenistan, that number is 18.6% of people.


make 7.9 times more money

Zimbabwe has a GDP per capita of $2,300, while in Turkmenistan, the GDP per capita is $18,100.

be 99.7% less likely to be live below the poverty line

In Zimbabwe, 72.3% live below the poverty line. In Turkmenistan, however, that number is 0.2%.


be 90.5% less likely to die during childbirth

In Zimbabwe, approximately 443.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Turkmenistan, 42.0 women do.

be 15.3% more likely to be literate

In Zimbabwe, the literacy rate is 86.5%. In Turkmenistan, it is 99.7%.

have 44.2% less children

In Zimbabwe, there are approximately 34.2 babies per 1,000 people. In Turkmenistan, there are 19.1 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 2.5 times more likely to have access to electricity

In Zimbabwe, 40% of the population has electricity access. In Turkmenistan, 100% of the population do.

be 22.1% less likely to have internet access

In Zimbabwe, approximately 23.1% of the population has internet access. In Turkmenistan, about 18.0% do.


spend 64.3% less on education

Zimbabwe spends 8.4% of its total GDP on education. Turkmenistan spends 3.0% of total GDP on education.

spend 67.2% less on healthcare

Zimbabwe spends 6.4% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Turkmenistan, that number is 2.1% of GDP.

Turkmenistan: At a glance

Turkmenistan is a sovereign country in Central Asia, with a total land area of approximately 469,930 sq km. Present-day Turkmenistan covers territory that has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. The area was ruled in antiquity by various Persian empires, and was conquered by Alexander the Great, Muslim crusaders, the Mongols, Turkic warriors, and eventually the Russians. In medieval times Merv (today known as Mary) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by Russia in the late 1800s, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1924, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic; it achieved independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Extensive hydrocarbon/natural gas reserves, which have yet to be fully exploited, have begun to transform the country. Turkmenistan is moving to expand its extraction and delivery projects. The Government of Turkmenistan is actively working to diversify its gas export routes beyond the still important Russian pipeline network. In 2010, new gas export pipelines that carry Turkmen gas to China and to northern Iran began operating, effectively ending the Russian monopoly on Turkmen gas exports. President for Life Saparmurat NYYAZOW died in December 2006, and Turkmenistan held its first multi-candidate presidential election in February 2007. Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW, a deputy cabinet chairman under NYYAZOW, emerged as the country's new president; he was chosen as president again in February 2012, in an election that the OSCE said lacked the freedoms necessary to create a competitive environment.

How big is Turkmenistan compared to Zimbabwe? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.


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