Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Sao Tome and Principe instead of Tanzania, you would:

Health

live 2.7 years longer


In Tanzania, the average life expectancy is 63 years (61 years for men, 64 years for women). In Sao Tome and Principe, that number is 65 years (64 years for men, 67 years for women).

be 47.6% more likely to be obese


In Tanzania, 8.4% of adults are obese. In Sao Tome and Principe, that number is 12.4% of people.

Economy

be 18.4% more likely to be unemployed


In Tanzania, 10.3% of adults are unemployed. In Sao Tome and Principe, that number is 12.2%.

be 2.9 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In Tanzania, 22.8% live below the poverty line. In Sao Tome and Principe, however, that number is 66.2%.

Life

be 60.8% less likely to die during childbirth


In Tanzania, approximately 398.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Sao Tome and Principe, 156.0 women do.

be 13.5% more likely to die during infancy


In Tanzania, approximately 39.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Sao Tome and Principe, on the other hand, 45.3 children do.

Basic Needs

be 2.5 times more likely to have access to electricity


In Tanzania, 24% of people have electricity access (71% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In Sao Tome and Principe, that number is 59% of people on average (70% in urban areas, and 40% in rural areas).

be 98.5% more likely to have internet access


In Tanzania, approximately 13.0% of the population has internet access. In Sao Tome and Principe, about 25.8% do.

be 74.6% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Tanzania, approximately 56% of people have improved drinking water access (77% in urban areas, and 46% in rural areas). In Sao Tome and Principe, that number is 97% of people on average (99% in urban areas, and 94% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 50.0% more on healthcare


Tanzania spends 5.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Sao Tome and Principe, that number is 8.4% of GDP.

Geography

see 85.3% less coastline


Tanzania has a total of 1,424 km of coastline. In Sao Tome and Principe, that number is 209 km.

Sao Tome and Principe: At a glance

Sao Tome and Principe is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 964 sq km. Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with African plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections in 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes in leadership and two failed coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. In 2012, three opposition parties combined in a no confidence vote to bring down the majority government of former Prime Minister Patrice TROVOADA. The new government of Prime Minister Gabriel Arcanjo Ferreira DA COSTA is entirely composed of opposition party members with limited experience in governance. New oil discoveries in the Gulf of Guinea may attract increased attention to the small island nation.

How big is Sao Tome and Principe compared to Tanzania? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.

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