Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Eritrea instead of Tanzania, you would:

Health

be 86.7% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Tanzania, 4.5% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Eritrea, that number is 0.6% of people.

live 2.6 years longer


In Tanzania, the average life expectancy is 63 years (61 years for men, 64 years for women). In Eritrea, that number is 65 years (63 years for men, 68 years for women).

be 40.5% less likely to be obese


In Tanzania, 8.4% of adults are obese. In Eritrea, that number is 5.0% of people.

Economy

be 16.5% less likely to be unemployed


In Tanzania, 10.3% of adults are unemployed. In Eritrea, that number is 8.6%.

make 50.0% less money


Tanzania has a GDP per capita of $3,200, while in Eritrea, the GDP per capita is $1,600.

be 2.2 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In Tanzania, 22.8% live below the poverty line. In Eritrea, however, that number is 50.0%.

Life

be 25.9% more likely to die during childbirth


In Tanzania, approximately 398.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Eritrea, 501.0 women do.

be 12.8% more likely to die during infancy


In Tanzania, approximately 39.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Eritrea, on the other hand, 45.0 children do.

have 16.9% less children


In Tanzania, there are approximately 35.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Eritrea, there are 29.6 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 33.3% more likely to have access to electricity


In Tanzania, 24% of people have electricity access (71% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In Eritrea, that number is 32% of people on average (86% in urban areas, and 17% in rural areas).

be 90.8% less likely to have internet access


In Tanzania, approximately 13.0% of the population has internet access. In Eritrea, about 1.2% do.

Expenditures

spend 41.1% less on healthcare


Tanzania spends 5.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Eritrea, that number is 3.3% of GDP.

Geography

see 56.9% more coastline


Tanzania has a total of 1,424 km of coastline. In Eritrea, that number is 2,234 km.

Eritrea: At a glance

Eritrea is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 101,000 sq km. After independence from Italian colonial control in 1941 and 10 years of British administrative control, the UN established Eritrea as an autonomous region within the Ethiopian federation in 1952. Ethiopia's full annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a violent 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating government forces. Eritreans overwhelmingly approved independence in a 1993 referendum. ISAIAS Afworki has been Eritrea's only president since independence; his rule, particularly since 2001, has been highly autocratic and repressive. His government has created a highly militarized society by pursuing an unpopular program of mandatory conscription into national service, sometimes of indefinite length. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. A UN peacekeeping operation was established that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone. The Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) created in April 2003 was tasked "to delimit and demarcate the colonial treaty border based on pertinent colonial treaties (1900, 1902, and 1908) and applicable international law." The EEBC on 30 November 2007 remotely demarcated the border, assigning the town of Badme to Eritrea, despite Ethiopia's maintaining forces there from the time of the 1998-2000 war. Eritrea insisted that the UN terminate its peacekeeping mission on 31 July 2008. Eritrea has accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and repeatedly called on Ethiopia to remove its troops. Ethiopia has not accepted the demarcation decision, and neither party has entered into meaningful dialogue to resolve the impasse. Eritrea is subject to several UN Security Council Resolutions (from 2009, 2011, and 2012) imposing various military and economic sanctions, in view of evidence that it has supported armed opposition groups in the region.

How big is Eritrea compared to Tanzania? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.

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