Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Afghanistan instead of Tanzania, you would:

Health

be 97.8% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Tanzania, 4.5% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Afghanistan, that number is 0.1% of people.

be 34.5% less likely to be obese


In Tanzania, 8.4% of adults are obese. In Afghanistan, that number is 5.5% of people.

live 10.9 years less


In Tanzania, the average life expectancy is 63 years (61 years for men, 64 years for women). In Afghanistan, that number is 52 years (50 years for men, 53 years for women).

Economy

spend 33.3% less on taxes


Tanzania has a top tax rate of 30.0%. In Afghanistan, the top tax rate is 20.0%.

make 37.5% less money


Tanzania has a GDP per capita of $3,200, while in Afghanistan, the GDP per capita is $2,000.

be 2.3 times more likely to be unemployed


In Tanzania, 10.3% of adults are unemployed. In Afghanistan, that number is 23.9%.

be 2.4 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In Tanzania, 22.8% live below the poverty line. In Afghanistan, however, that number is 54.5%.

Life

be 51.0% less likely to be literate


In Tanzania, the literacy rate is 77.9%. In Afghanistan, it is 38.2%.

be 2.8 times more likely to die during infancy


In Tanzania, approximately 39.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Afghanistan, on the other hand, 110.6 children do.

Basic Needs

be 79.2% more likely to have access to electricity


In Tanzania, 24% of people have electricity access (71% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In Afghanistan, that number is 43% of people on average (83% in urban areas, and 32% in rural areas).

be 18.5% less likely to have internet access


In Tanzania, approximately 13.0% of the population has internet access. In Afghanistan, about 10.6% do.

Expenditures

spend 46.4% more on healthcare


Tanzania spends 5.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Afghanistan, that number is 8.2% of GDP.

Afghanistan: At a glance

Afghanistan is a sovereign country in South Asia, with a total land area of approximately 652,230 sq km. Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, a US, Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. KARZAI was re-elected in August 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

How big is Afghanistan compared to Tanzania? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Tanzania Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, Afghanistan Revenue Department.

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