Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Kenya instead of Madagascar, you would:

Health

live 1.7 years longer


In Madagascar, the average life expectancy is 67 years (66 years for men, 69 years for women) as of 2020. In Kenya, that number is 69 years (67 years for men, 71 years for women) as of 2020.

be 15.7 times more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Madagascar, 0.3% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In Kenya, that number is 4.7% of people as of 2018.

be 34.0% more likely to be obese


In Madagascar, 5.3% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Kenya, that number is 7.1% of people as of 2016.

Economy

make 2.2 times more money


Madagascar has a GDP per capita of $1,600 as of 2017, while in Kenya, the GDP per capita is $3,500 as of 2017.

be 48.9% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Madagascar, 70.7% live below the poverty line as of 2012. In Kenya, however, that number is 36.1% as of 2016.

be 22.2 times more likely to be unemployed


In Madagascar, 1.8% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In Kenya, that number is 40.0% as of 2013.

pay a 50.0% higher top tax rate


Madagascar has a top tax rate of 20.0% as of 2016. In Kenya, the top tax rate is 30.0% as of 2016.

Life

be 21.2% less likely to die during infancy


In Madagascar, approximately 37.8 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Kenya, on the other hand, 29.8 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 2.4 times more likely to have access to electricity


In Madagascar, approximately 23% of people have electricity access (67% in urban areas, and 17% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Kenya, that number is 56% of people on average (78% in urban areas, and 39% in rural areas) as of 2017.

be 81.9% more likely to have internet access


In Madagascar, approximately 9.8% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Kenya, about 17.8% do as of 2018.

be 22.5% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Madagascar, approximately 56% of people have improved drinking water access (88% in urban areas, and 36% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Kenya, that number is 68% of people on average (89% in urban areas, and 60% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 85.7% more on education


Madagascar spends 2.8% of its total GDP on education as of 2014. Kenya spends 5.2% of total GDP on education as of 2017.

Geography

see 88.9% less coastline


Madagascar has a total of 4,828 km of coastline. In Kenya, that number is 536 km.

Kenya: At a glance

Kenya is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 569,140 sq km. Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. African Union-sponsored mediation led by former UN Secretary General Kofi ANNAN in late February 2008 resulted in a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. The power sharing accord included a broad reform agenda, the centerpiece of which was constitutional reform. In August 2010, Kenyans overwhelmingly adopted a new constitution in a national referendum. The new constitution introduced additional checks and balances to executive power and significant devolution of power and resources to 47 newly created counties. It also eliminated the position of prime minister following the first presidential election under the new constitution, which occurred on 4 March 2013. Uhuru KENYATTA, the son of founding president Jomo KENYATTA, won the March elections in the first round by a close margin and was sworn into office on 9 April 2013.

How big is Kenya compared to Madagascar? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, General Direction of Taxes.

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