Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Eritrea instead of Estonia, you would:

Health

be 76.4% less likely to be obese


In Estonia, 21.2% of adults are obese. In Eritrea, that number is 5.0% of people.

live 11.7 years less


In Estonia, the average life expectancy is 77 years (72 years for men, 82 years for women). In Eritrea, that number is 65 years (63 years for men, 68 years for women).

Economy

make 95.0% less money


Estonia has a GDP per capita of $31,800, while in Eritrea, the GDP per capita is $1,600.

be 45.8% more likely to be unemployed


In Estonia, 5.9% of adults are unemployed. In Eritrea, that number is 8.6%.

be 2.4 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In Estonia, 21.1% live below the poverty line. In Eritrea, however, that number is 50.0%.

Life

be 26.1% less likely to be literate


In Estonia, the literacy rate is 99.8%. In Eritrea, it is 73.8%.

have 2.9 times more children


In Estonia, there are approximately 10.1 babies per 1,000 people. In Eritrea, there are 29.6 babies per 1,000 people.

be 55.7 times more likely to die during childbirth


In Estonia, approximately 9.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Eritrea, 501.0 women do.

be 11.8 times more likely to die during infancy


In Estonia, approximately 3.8 children die before they reach the age of one. In Eritrea, on the other hand, 45.0 children do.

Basic Needs

be 68.0% less likely to have access to electricity


In Estonia, 100% of the population has electricity access. In Eritrea, 32% of the population do.

be 98.6% less likely to have internet access


In Estonia, approximately 87.2% of the population has internet access. In Eritrea, about 1.2% do.

be 42.0% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Estonia, approximately 100% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 99% in rural areas). In Eritrea, that number is 58% of people on average (73% in urban areas, and 53% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 48.4% less on healthcare


Estonia spends 6.4% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Eritrea, that number is 3.3% of GDP.

Geography

see 41.1% less coastline


Estonia has a total of 3,794 km of coastline. In Eritrea, that number is 2,234 km.

Eritrea: At a glance

Eritrea is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 101,000 sq km. After independence from Italian colonial control in 1941 and 10 years of British administrative control, the UN established Eritrea as an autonomous region within the Ethiopian federation in 1952. Ethiopia's full annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a violent 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating government forces. Eritreans overwhelmingly approved independence in a 1993 referendum. ISAIAS Afworki has been Eritrea's only president since independence; his rule, particularly since 2001, has been highly autocratic and repressive. His government has created a highly militarized society by pursuing an unpopular program of mandatory conscription into national service, sometimes of indefinite length. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. A UN peacekeeping operation was established that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone. The Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) created in April 2003 was tasked "to delimit and demarcate the colonial treaty border based on pertinent colonial treaties (1900, 1902, and 1908) and applicable international law." The EEBC on 30 November 2007 remotely demarcated the border, assigning the town of Badme to Eritrea, despite Ethiopia's maintaining forces there from the time of the 1998-2000 war. Eritrea insisted that the UN terminate its peacekeeping mission on 31 July 2008. Eritrea has accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and repeatedly called on Ethiopia to remove its troops. Ethiopia has not accepted the demarcation decision, and neither party has entered into meaningful dialogue to resolve the impasse. Eritrea is subject to several UN Security Council Resolutions (from 2009, 2011, and 2012) imposing various military and economic sanctions, in view of evidence that it has supported armed opposition groups in the region.

How big is Eritrea compared to Estonia? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.

question_answer HAVE A QUESTION? ASK THE COMMUNITY

Join the Elsewhere community and ask a question about Eritrea. It's a free, question-and-answer based forum to discuss what life is like in countries and cities around the world.

Share this