Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Turkmenistan instead of Tajikistan, you would:

Health

live 2.3 years longer


In Tajikistan, the average life expectancy is 69 years (66 years for men, 72 years for women) as of 2020. In Turkmenistan, that number is 71 years (68 years for men, 74 years for women) as of 2020.

be 31.0% more likely to be obese


In Tajikistan, 14.2% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Turkmenistan, that number is 18.6% of people as of 2016.

Economy

make 5.7 times more money


Tajikistan has a GDP per capita of $3,200 as of 2017, while in Turkmenistan, the GDP per capita is $18,200 as of 2017.

be 99.4% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Tajikistan, 31.5% live below the poverty line as of 2016. In Turkmenistan, however, that number is 0.2% as of 2012.

be 4.6 times more likely to be unemployed


In Tajikistan, 2.4% of adults are unemployed as of 2016. In Turkmenistan, that number is 11.0% as of 2014.

Life

be 58.8% less likely to die during childbirth


In Tajikistan, approximately 17.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Turkmenistan, 7.0 women do as of 2017.

have 16.1% fewer children


In Tajikistan, there are approximately 21.8 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Turkmenistan, there are 18.3 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 19.8% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Tajikistan, approximately 84% of people have improved drinking water access (96% in urban areas, and 79% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Turkmenistan, that number is 100% of people on average (100% in urban areas, and 100% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 40.4% less on education


Tajikistan spends 5.2% of its total GDP on education as of 2015. Turkmenistan spends 3.1% of total GDP on education as of 2012.

Turkmenistan: At a glance

Turkmenistan is a sovereign country in Central Asia, with a total land area of approximately 469,930 sq km. Present-day Turkmenistan covers territory that has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. The area was ruled in antiquity by various Persian empires, and was conquered by Alexander the Great, Muslim crusaders, the Mongols, Turkic warriors, and eventually the Russians. In medieval times Merv (today known as Mary) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by Russia in the late 1800s, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1924, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic; it achieved independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Extensive hydrocarbon/natural gas reserves, which have yet to be fully exploited, have begun to transform the country. Turkmenistan is moving to expand its extraction and delivery projects. The Government of Turkmenistan is actively working to diversify its gas export routes beyond the still important Russian pipeline network. In 2010, new gas export pipelines that carry Turkmen gas to China and to northern Iran began operating, effectively ending the Russian monopoly on Turkmen gas exports. President for Life Saparmurat NYYAZOW died in December 2006, and Turkmenistan held its first multi-candidate presidential election in February 2007. Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW, a deputy cabinet chairman under NYYAZOW, emerged as the country's new president; he was chosen as president again in February 2012, in an election that the OSCE said lacked the freedoms necessary to create a competitive environment.

How big is Turkmenistan compared to Tajikistan? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.

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