Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Mongolia instead of Tajikistan, you would:

Health

live 1.8 years longer


In Tajikistan, the average life expectancy is 68 years (65 years for men, 71 years for women). In Mongolia, that number is 70 years (66 years for men, 74 years for women).

be 45.1% more likely to be obese


In Tajikistan, 14.2% of adults are obese. In Mongolia, that number is 20.6% of people.

Economy

make 4.1 times more money


Tajikistan has a GDP per capita of $3,200, while in Mongolia, the GDP per capita is $13,000.

spend 23.1% less on taxes


Tajikistan has a top tax rate of 13.0%. In Mongolia, the top tax rate is 10.0%.

be 3.0 times more likely to be unemployed


In Tajikistan, 2.4% of adults are unemployed. In Mongolia, that number is 7.3%.

Life

be 33.6% less likely to die during infancy


In Tajikistan, approximately 31.8 children die before they reach the age of one. In Mongolia, on the other hand, 21.1 children do.

be 37.5% more likely to die during childbirth


In Tajikistan, approximately 32.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Mongolia, 44.0 women do.

have 18.9% less children


In Tajikistan, there are approximately 23.3 babies per 1,000 people. In Mongolia, there are 18.9 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 10.0% less likely to have access to electricity


In Tajikistan, 100% of the population has electricity access. In Mongolia, 90% of the population do.

be 12.7% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Tajikistan, approximately 74% of people have improved drinking water access (93% in urban areas, and 67% in rural areas). In Mongolia, that number is 64% of people on average (66% in urban areas, and 59% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 31.9% less on healthcare


Tajikistan spends 6.9% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Mongolia, that number is 4.7% of GDP.

Mongolia: At a glance

Mongolia is a sovereign country in East/Southeast Asia, with a total land area of approximately 1,553,556 sq km. The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party that lasted until January 2012. In 2009, current President ELBEGDORJ of the Democratic Party was elected to office and was re-elected for his second term in June 2013. In 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. Shortly thereafter, a new party was formed by former president ENKHBAYAR, which adopted the MPRP name. In the 2012 Parliamentary elections, a coalition of four political parties led by the Democratic Party, gained control of the Parliament.

How big is Mongolia compared to Tajikistan? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: National Center of Legislation under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, The World Factbook, General Department of National Taxation.

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