Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Mongolia instead of Laos, you would:

Health

live 5.3 years longer


In Laos, the average life expectancy is 65 years (63 years for men, 67 years for women). In Mongolia, that number is 70 years (66 years for men, 74 years for women).

be 3.9 times more likely to be obese


In Laos, 5.3% of adults are obese. In Mongolia, that number is 20.6% of people.

Economy

make 75.7% more money


Laos has a GDP per capita of $7,400, while in Mongolia, the GDP per capita is $13,000.

spend 58.3% less on taxes


Laos has a top tax rate of 24.0%. In Mongolia, the top tax rate is 10.0%.

be 4.9 times more likely to be unemployed


In Laos, 1.5% of adults are unemployed. In Mongolia, that number is 7.3%.

be 34.5% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In Laos, 22.0% live below the poverty line. In Mongolia, however, that number is 29.6%.

Life

be 77.7% less likely to die during childbirth


In Laos, approximately 197.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Mongolia, 44.0 women do.

be 23.2% more likely to be literate


In Laos, the literacy rate is 79.9%. In Mongolia, it is 98.4%.

be 57.7% less likely to die during infancy


In Laos, approximately 49.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Mongolia, on the other hand, 21.1 children do.

have 19.9% less children


In Laos, there are approximately 23.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Mongolia, there are 18.9 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 22.5% more likely to have internet access


In Laos, approximately 18.2% of the population has internet access. In Mongolia, about 22.3% do.

be 14.9% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Laos, approximately 76% of people have improved drinking water access (86% in urban areas, and 69% in rural areas). In Mongolia, that number is 64% of people on average (66% in urban areas, and 59% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 79.3% more on education


Laos spends 2.9% of its total GDP on education. Mongolia spends 5.2% of total GDP on education.

spend 2.5 times more on healthcare


Laos spends 1.9% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Mongolia, that number is 4.7% of GDP.

Mongolia: At a glance

Mongolia is a sovereign country in East/Southeast Asia, with a total land area of approximately 1,553,556 sq km. The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party that lasted until January 2012. In 2009, current President ELBEGDORJ of the Democratic Party was elected to office and was re-elected for his second term in June 2013. In 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. Shortly thereafter, a new party was formed by former president ENKHBAYAR, which adopted the MPRP name. In the 2012 Parliamentary elections, a coalition of four political parties led by the Democratic Party, gained control of the Parliament.

How big is Mongolia compared to Laos? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Ministry of Finance, General Department of National Taxation.

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