Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Madagascar instead of Laos, you would:

Health

live 1.7 years longer


In Laos, the average life expectancy is 65 years (63 years for men, 67 years for women). In Madagascar, that number is 66 years (65 years for men, 68 years for women).

Economy

spend 16.7% less on taxes


Laos has a top tax rate of 24.0%. In Madagascar, the top tax rate is 20.0%.

make 78.4% less money


Laos has a GDP per capita of $7,400, while in Madagascar, the GDP per capita is $1,600.

be 40.0% more likely to be unemployed


In Laos, 1.5% of adults are unemployed. In Madagascar, that number is 2.1%.

be 3.2 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In Laos, 22.0% live below the poverty line. In Madagascar, however, that number is 70.7%.

Life

be 17.4% less likely to die during infancy


In Laos, approximately 49.9 children die before they reach the age of one. In Madagascar, on the other hand, 41.2 children do.

have 33.9% more children


In Laos, there are approximately 23.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Madagascar, there are 31.6 babies per 1,000 people.

be 79.2% more likely to die during childbirth


In Laos, approximately 197.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Madagascar, 353.0 women do.

be 19.0% less likely to be literate


In Laos, the literacy rate is 79.9%. In Madagascar, it is 64.7%.

Basic Needs

be 82.8% less likely to have access to electricity


In Laos, 87% of people have electricity access (97% in urban areas, and 82% in rural areas). In Madagascar, that number is 15% of people on average (37% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas).

be 74.2% less likely to have internet access


In Laos, approximately 18.2% of the population has internet access. In Madagascar, about 4.7% do.

be 32.0% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Laos, approximately 76% of people have improved drinking water access (86% in urban areas, and 69% in rural areas). In Madagascar, that number is 52% of people on average (82% in urban areas, and 35% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 27.6% less on education


Laos spends 2.9% of its total GDP on education. Madagascar spends 2.1% of total GDP on education.

spend 57.9% more on healthcare


Laos spends 1.9% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Madagascar, that number is 3.0% of GDP.

Madagascar: At a glance

Madagascar is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 581,540 sq km. Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA handing over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA defeated RAVALOMANANA's favored candidate Jean-Louis ROBINSON in a presidential runoff and was inaugurated in January 2014. Most international observers, while noting some irregularities, declared polls to be a credible reflection of the Malagasy public's will.

How big is Madagascar compared to Laos? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Ministry of Finance, General Direction of Taxes.

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