Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Turkmenistan instead of El Salvador, you would:

Health

be 24.4% less likely to be obese


In El Salvador, 24.6% of adults are obese. In Turkmenistan, that number is 18.6% of people.

live 4.5 years less


In El Salvador, the average life expectancy is 75 years (72 years for men, 78 years for women). In Turkmenistan, that number is 70 years (67 years for men, 74 years for women).

Economy

make 2.0 times more money


El Salvador has a GDP per capita of $8,900, while in Turkmenistan, the GDP per capita is $18,100.

be 99.4% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In El Salvador, 32.7% live below the poverty line. In Turkmenistan, however, that number is 0.2%.

be 57.1% more likely to be unemployed


In El Salvador, 7.0% of adults are unemployed. In Turkmenistan, that number is 11.0%.

Life

be 22.2% less likely to die during childbirth


In El Salvador, approximately 54.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Turkmenistan, 42.0 women do.

have 17.9% more children


In El Salvador, there are approximately 16.2 babies per 1,000 people. In Turkmenistan, there are 19.1 babies per 1,000 people.

be 13.3% more likely to be literate


In El Salvador, the literacy rate is 88.0%. In Turkmenistan, it is 99.7%.

be 2.0 times more likely to die during infancy


In El Salvador, approximately 16.8 children die before they reach the age of one. In Turkmenistan, on the other hand, 34.3 children do.

Basic Needs

be 37.9% less likely to have internet access


In El Salvador, approximately 29.0% of the population has internet access. In Turkmenistan, about 18.0% do.

be 24.2% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In El Salvador, approximately 94% of people have improved drinking water access (98% in urban areas, and 86% in rural areas). In Turkmenistan, that number is 71% of people on average (89% in urban areas, and 54% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 14.3% less on education


El Salvador spends 3.5% of its total GDP on education. Turkmenistan spends 3.0% of total GDP on education.

spend 69.1% less on healthcare


El Salvador spends 6.8% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Turkmenistan, that number is 2.1% of GDP.

Turkmenistan: At a glance

Turkmenistan is a sovereign country in Central Asia, with a total land area of approximately 469,930 sq km. Present-day Turkmenistan covers territory that has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. The area was ruled in antiquity by various Persian empires, and was conquered by Alexander the Great, Muslim crusaders, the Mongols, Turkic warriors, and eventually the Russians. In medieval times Merv (today known as Mary) was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by Russia in the late 1800s, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1924, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic; it achieved independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Extensive hydrocarbon/natural gas reserves, which have yet to be fully exploited, have begun to transform the country. Turkmenistan is moving to expand its extraction and delivery projects. The Government of Turkmenistan is actively working to diversify its gas export routes beyond the still important Russian pipeline network. In 2010, new gas export pipelines that carry Turkmen gas to China and to northern Iran began operating, effectively ending the Russian monopoly on Turkmen gas exports. President for Life Saparmurat NYYAZOW died in December 2006, and Turkmenistan held its first multi-candidate presidential election in February 2007. Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW, a deputy cabinet chairman under NYYAZOW, emerged as the country's new president; he was chosen as president again in February 2012, in an election that the OSCE said lacked the freedoms necessary to create a competitive environment.

How big is Turkmenistan compared to El Salvador? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.


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