Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Haiti instead of El Salvador, you would:

Health

be 3.2 times more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In El Salvador, 0.6% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Haiti, that number is 1.9% of people.

live 10.7 years less


In El Salvador, the average life expectancy is 75 years (72 years for men, 78 years for women). In Haiti, that number is 64 years (62 years for men, 67 years for women).

Economy

make 79.8% less money


El Salvador has a GDP per capita of $8,900, while in Haiti, the GDP per capita is $1,800.

be 5.8 times more likely to be unemployed


In El Salvador, 7.0% of adults are unemployed. In Haiti, that number is 40.6%.

be 78.9% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In El Salvador, 32.7% live below the poverty line. In Haiti, however, that number is 58.5%.

Life

be 31.0% less likely to be literate


In El Salvador, the literacy rate is 88.0%. In Haiti, it is 60.7%.

have 42.0% more children


In El Salvador, there are approximately 16.2 babies per 1,000 people. In Haiti, there are 23.0 babies per 1,000 people.

be 6.6 times more likely to die during childbirth


In El Salvador, approximately 54.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Haiti, 359.0 women do.

be 2.8 times more likely to die during infancy


In El Salvador, approximately 16.8 children die before they reach the age of one. In Haiti, on the other hand, 46.8 children do.

Basic Needs

be 59.6% less likely to have access to electricity


In El Salvador, 94% of people have electricity access (98% in urban areas, and 86% in rural areas). In Haiti, that number is 38% of people on average (72% in urban areas, and 15% in rural areas).

be 57.9% less likely to have internet access


In El Salvador, approximately 29.0% of the population has internet access. In Haiti, about 12.2% do.

be 38.5% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In El Salvador, approximately 94% of people have improved drinking water access (98% in urban areas, and 86% in rural areas). In Haiti, that number is 58% of people on average (65% in urban areas, and 48% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 11.8% more on healthcare


El Salvador spends 6.8% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Haiti, that number is 7.6% of GDP.

Geography

see 5.8 times more coastline


El Salvador has a total of 307 km of coastline. In Haiti, that number is 1,771 km.

Haiti: At a glance

Haiti is a sovereign country in Central America/Caribbean, with a total land area of approximately 27,560 sq km. The native Taino - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L'OUVERTURE. After a prolonged struggle, Haiti became the first post-colonial black-led nation in the world, declaring its independence in 1804. Currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti has experienced political instability for most of its history. After an armed rebellion led to the forced resignation and exile of President Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE in February 2004, an interim government took office to organize new elections under the auspices of the United Nations. Continued instability and technical delays prompted repeated postponements, but Haiti inaugurated a democratically elected president and parliament in May of 2006. This was followed by contested elections in 2010 that resulted in the election of Haiti's current President, Michel MARTELLY. A massive magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in January 2010 with an epicenter about 25 km (15 mi) west of the capital, Port-au-Prince. Estimates are that over 300,000 people were killed and some 1.5 million left homeless. The earthquake was assessed as the worst in this region over the last 200 years.

How big is Haiti compared to El Salvador? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.

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