Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Madagascar instead of China, you would:

Health

be 14.5% less likely to be obese


In China, 6.2% of adults are obese. In Madagascar, that number is 5.3% of people.

live 9.4 years less


In China, the average life expectancy is 76 years (74 years for men, 78 years for women). In Madagascar, that number is 66 years (65 years for men, 68 years for women).

Economy

be 46.2% less likely to be unemployed


In China, 3.9% of adults are unemployed. In Madagascar, that number is 2.1%.

spend 55.6% less on taxes


China has a top tax rate of 45.0%. In Madagascar, the top tax rate is 20.0%.

make 90.4% less money


China has a GDP per capita of $16,700, while in Madagascar, the GDP per capita is $1,600.

be 21.4 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In China, 3.3% live below the poverty line. In Madagascar, however, that number is 70.7%.

Life

be 32.9% less likely to be literate


In China, the literacy rate is 96.4%. In Madagascar, it is 64.7%.

have 2.6 times more children


In China, there are approximately 12.3 babies per 1,000 people. In Madagascar, there are 31.6 babies per 1,000 people.

be 13.1 times more likely to die during childbirth


In China, approximately 27.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Madagascar, 353.0 women do.

be 3.4 times more likely to die during infancy


In China, approximately 12.0 children die before they reach the age of one. In Madagascar, on the other hand, 41.2 children do.

Basic Needs

be 85.0% less likely to have access to electricity


In China, 100% of people have electricity access (100% in urban areas, and 100% in rural areas). In Madagascar, that number is 15% of people on average (37% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas).

be 91.2% less likely to have internet access


In China, approximately 53.2% of the population has internet access. In Madagascar, about 4.7% do.

be 46.1% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In China, approximately 96% of people have improved drinking water access (98% in urban areas, and 93% in rural areas). In Madagascar, that number is 52% of people on average (82% in urban areas, and 35% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 45.5% less on healthcare


China spends 5.5% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Madagascar, that number is 3.0% of GDP.

Geography

see 66.7% less coastline


China has a total of 14,500 km of coastline. In Madagascar, that number is 4,828 km.

Madagascar: At a glance

Madagascar is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 581,540 sq km. Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA handing over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA defeated RAVALOMANANA's favored candidate Jean-Louis ROBINSON in a presidential runoff and was inaugurated in January 2014. Most international observers, while noting some irregularities, declared polls to be a credible reflection of the Malagasy public's will.

How big is Madagascar compared to China? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, General Direction of Taxes, State Administration of Taxation.

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