Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Ethiopia instead of Belgium, you would:

Health

be 79.6% less likely to be obese


In Belgium, 22.1% of adults are obese. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people.

live 18.5 years less


In Belgium, the average life expectancy is 81 years (78 years for men, 84 years for women). In Ethiopia, that number is 63 years (60 years for men, 65 years for women).

Economy

spend 34.8% less on taxes


Belgium has a top tax rate of 53.7%. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0%.

make 95.3% less money


Belgium has a GDP per capita of $46,600, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200.

be 2.4 times more likely to be unemployed


In Belgium, 7.3% of adults are unemployed. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5%.

be 96.0% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In Belgium, 15.1% live below the poverty line. In Ethiopia, however, that number is 29.6%.

Life

have 3.2 times more children


In Belgium, there are approximately 11.3 babies per 1,000 people. In Ethiopia, there are 36.5 babies per 1,000 people.

be 50.4 times more likely to die during childbirth


In Belgium, approximately 7.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Ethiopia, 353.0 women do.

be 14.6 times more likely to die during infancy


In Belgium, approximately 3.4 children die before they reach the age of one. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, 49.6 children do.

Basic Needs

be 76.0% less likely to have access to electricity


In Belgium, 100% of the population has electricity access. In Ethiopia, 24% of the population do.

be 82.2% less likely to have internet access


In Belgium, approximately 86.5% of the population has internet access. In Ethiopia, about 15.4% do.

be 42.7% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Belgium, approximately 100% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 100% in rural areas). In Ethiopia, that number is 57% of people on average (93% in urban areas, and 49% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 31.8% less on education


Belgium spends 6.6% of its total GDP on education. Ethiopia spends 4.5% of total GDP on education.

spend 53.8% less on healthcare


Belgium spends 10.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.9% of GDP.

Ethiopia: At a glance

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,000,000 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to Belgium? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Service Public Fédéral Finances, The World Factbook, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.

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