Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Timor-Leste instead of United States, you would:

Health

be 89.5% less likely to be obese


In United States, 36.2% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Timor-Leste, that number is 3.8% of people as of 2016.

live 11.0 years less


In United States, the average life expectancy is 80 years (78 years for men, 82 years for women) as of 2020. In Timor-Leste, that number is 69 years (68 years for men, 71 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

make 90.0% less money


United States has a GDP per capita of $59,800 as of 2017, while in Timor-Leste, the GDP per capita is $6,000 as of 2017.

be 2.8 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In United States, 15.1% live below the poverty line as of 2010. In Timor-Leste, however, that number is 41.8% as of 2014.

Life

have 2.6 times more children


In United States, there are approximately 12.4 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Timor-Leste, there are 32.0 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 7.5 times more likely to die during childbirth


In United States, approximately 19.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Timor-Leste, 142.0 women do as of 2017.

be 6.0 times more likely to die during infancy


In United States, approximately 5.3 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Timor-Leste, on the other hand, 31.7 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 36.6% less likely to have access to electricity


In United States, approximately 100% of the population has electricity access as of 2016. In Timor-Leste, 63% of the population do as of 2016.

be 68.5% less likely to have internet access


In United States, approximately 87.3% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Timor-Leste, about 27.5% do as of 2018.

be 18.5% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In United States, approximately 99% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 97% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Timor-Leste, that number is 81% of people on average (100% in urban areas, and 72% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 24.0% less on education


United States spends 5.0% of its total GDP on education as of 2014. Timor-Leste spends 3.8% of total GDP on education as of 2017.

Geography

see 96.5% less coastline


United States has a total of 19,924 km of coastline. In Timor-Leste, that number is 706 km.

Timor-Leste: At a glance

Timor-Leste is a sovereign country in East/Southeast Asia, with a total land area of approximately 14,874 sq km. The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. However, in the next three weeks, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. Most of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, Australian-led peacekeeping troops deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste, and the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack, and most of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the attack, the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability, including successful 2012 elections for both the parliament and president. In late 2012, the UN Security Council voted to end its peacekeeping mission in Timor-Leste and both the ISF and UNMIT departed the country by the end of the year.

How big is Timor-Leste compared to United States? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.

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