Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Russia instead of South Africa, you would:

Health

be 94.1% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In South Africa, 20.4% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In Russia, that number is 1.2% of people as of 2017.

live 7.1 years longer


In South Africa, the average life expectancy is 65 years (63 years for men, 66 years for women) as of 2020. In Russia, that number is 72 years (66 years for men, 78 years for women) as of 2020.

be 18.4% less likely to be obese


In South Africa, 28.3% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Russia, that number is 23.1% of people as of 2016.

Economy

make 2.1 times more money


South Africa has a GDP per capita of $13,600 as of 2017, while in Russia, the GDP per capita is $27,900 as of 2017.

be 81.1% less likely to be unemployed


In South Africa, 27.5% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In Russia, that number is 5.2% as of 2017.

be 19.9% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In South Africa, 16.6% live below the poverty line as of 2016. In Russia, however, that number is 13.3% as of 2015.

pay a 71.1% lower top tax rate


South Africa has a top tax rate of 45.0% as of 2017. In Russia, the top tax rate is 13.0% as of 2016.

Life

be 85.7% less likely to die during childbirth


In South Africa, approximately 119.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Russia, 17.0 women do as of 2017.

be 14.6% more likely to be literate


In South Africa, the literacy rate is 87.0% as of 2017. In Russia, it is 99.7% as of 2018.

be 76.6% less likely to die during infancy


In South Africa, approximately 27.8 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Russia, on the other hand, 6.5 children do as of 2020.

have 47.9% fewer children


In South Africa, there are approximately 19.2 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Russia, there are 10.0 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 18.8% more likely to have access to electricity


In South Africa, approximately 84% of the population has electricity access as of 2017. In Russia, 100% of the population do as of 2016.

be 44.0% more likely to have internet access


In South Africa, approximately 56.2% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Russia, about 80.9% do as of 2018.

Expenditures

spend 40.3% less on education


South Africa spends 6.2% of its total GDP on education as of 2018. Russia spends 3.7% of total GDP on education as of 2016.

Geography

see 13.5 times more coastline


South Africa has a total of 2,798 km of coastline. In Russia, that number is 37,653 km.

Russia: At a glance

Russia is a sovereign country in Central Asia, with a total land area of approximately 16,377,742 sq km. Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy, was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new ROMANOV Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms. Repeated devastating defeats of the Russian army in World War I led to widespread rioting in the major cities of the Russian Empire and to the overthrow in 1917 of the imperial household. The communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after and formed the USSR. The brutal rule of Iosif STALIN (1928-53) strengthened communist rule and Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the following decades until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into Russia and 14 other independent republics. Since then, Russia has shifted its post-Soviet democratic ambitions in favor of a centralized semi-authoritarian state in which the leadership seeks to legitimize its rule through managed national elections, populist appeals by President PUTIN, and continued economic growth. Russia has severely disabled a Chechen rebel movement, although violence still occurs throughout the North Caucasus.

How big is Russia compared to South Africa? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Federal Tax Service of Russia, The World Factbook, South African Revenue Service.

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