Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Ethiopia instead of South Africa, you would:

Health

be 95.2% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In South Africa, 18.8% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Ethiopia, that number is 0.9% of people.

be 84.1% less likely to be obese


In South Africa, 28.3% of adults are obese. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people.

live 1.2 years less


In South Africa, the average life expectancy is 64 years (62 years for men, 65 years for women). In Ethiopia, that number is 63 years (60 years for men, 65 years for women).

Economy

be 36.6% less likely to be unemployed


In South Africa, 27.6% of adults are unemployed. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5%.

spend 22.2% less on taxes


South Africa has a top tax rate of 45.0%. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0%.

make 83.7% less money


South Africa has a GDP per capita of $13,500, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200.

be 78.3% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In South Africa, 16.6% live below the poverty line. In Ethiopia, however, that number is 29.6%.

Life

have 80.7% more children


In South Africa, there are approximately 20.2 babies per 1,000 people. In Ethiopia, there are 36.5 babies per 1,000 people.

be 2.6 times more likely to die during childbirth


In South Africa, approximately 138.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Ethiopia, 353.0 women do.

be 48.0% less likely to be literate


In South Africa, the literacy rate is 94.4%. In Ethiopia, it is 49.1%.

be 60.0% more likely to die during infancy


In South Africa, approximately 31.0 children die before they reach the age of one. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, 49.6 children do.

Basic Needs

be 71.8% less likely to have access to electricity


In South Africa, 85% of people have electricity access (90% in urban areas, and 77% in rural areas). In Ethiopia, that number is 24% of people on average (85% in urban areas, and 10% in rural areas).

be 71.5% less likely to have internet access


In South Africa, approximately 54.0% of the population has internet access. In Ethiopia, about 15.4% do.

be 38.5% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In South Africa, approximately 93% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 81% in rural areas). In Ethiopia, that number is 57% of people on average (93% in urban areas, and 49% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 23.7% less on education


South Africa spends 5.9% of its total GDP on education. Ethiopia spends 4.5% of total GDP on education.

spend 44.3% less on healthcare


South Africa spends 8.8% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.9% of GDP.

Ethiopia: At a glance

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,000,000 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to South Africa? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, South African Revenue Service, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.

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