Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Ethiopia instead of Kenya, you would:


be 78.7% less likely to be living with HIV/AIDS

In Kenya, 4.7% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In Ethiopia, that number is 1.0% of people as of 2018.

be 36.6% less likely to be obese

In Kenya, 7.1% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people as of 2016.

live 1.5 years less

In Kenya, the average life expectancy is 69 years (67 years for men, 71 years for women) as of 2020. In Ethiopia, that number is 68 years (66 years for men, 70 years for women) as of 2020.


be 56.2% less likely to be unemployed

In Kenya, 40.0% of adults are unemployed as of 2013. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5% as of 2012.

be 18.0% less likely to be live below the poverty line

In Kenya, 36.1% live below the poverty line as of 2016. In Ethiopia, however, that number is 29.6% as of 2014.

make 37.1% less money

Kenya has a GDP per capita of $3,500 as of 2017, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200 as of 2017.

pay a 16.7% higher top tax rate

Kenya has a top tax rate of 30.0% as of 2016. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0% as of 2016.


have 16.2% more children

In Kenya, there are approximately 27.2 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Ethiopia, there are 31.6 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 17.3% more likely to die during childbirth

In Kenya, approximately 342.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Ethiopia, 401.0 women do as of 2017.

be 36.4% less likely to be literate

In Kenya, the literacy rate is 81.5% as of 2018. In Ethiopia, it is 51.8% as of 2017.

be 20.1% more likely to die during infancy

In Kenya, approximately 29.8 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, 35.8 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 23.4% less likely to have access to electricity

In Kenya, approximately 56% of people have electricity access (78% in urban areas, and 39% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Ethiopia, that number is 43% of people on average (85% in urban areas, and 26% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Ethiopia: At a glance

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,096,570 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to Kenya? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.


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