Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Afghanistan instead of Iraq, you would:

Health

be 81.9% less likely to be obese


In Iraq, 30.4% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Afghanistan, that number is 5.5% of people as of 2016.

live 19.8 years less


In Iraq, the average life expectancy is 73 years (71 years for men, 75 years for women) as of 2020. In Afghanistan, that number is 53 years (51 years for men, 54 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

make 88.0% less money


Iraq has a GDP per capita of $16,700 as of 2017, while in Afghanistan, the GDP per capita is $2,000 as of 2017.

be 49.4% more likely to be unemployed


In Iraq, 16.0% of adults are unemployed as of 2012. In Afghanistan, that number is 23.9% as of 2017.

be 2.4 times more likely to live below the poverty line


In Iraq, 23.0% live below the poverty line as of 2014. In Afghanistan, however, that number is 54.5% as of 2017.

pay a 33.3% higher top tax rate


Iraq has a top tax rate of 15.0% as of 2016. In Afghanistan, the top tax rate is 20.0% as of 2016.

Life

have 42.8% more children


In Iraq, there are approximately 25.7 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Afghanistan, there are 36.7 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 8.1 times more likely to die during childbirth


In Iraq, approximately 79.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Afghanistan, 638.0 women do as of 2017.

be 14.2% less likely to be literate


In Iraq, the literacy rate is 50.1% as of 2018. In Afghanistan, it is 43.0% as of 2018.

be 5.3 times more likely to die during infancy


In Iraq, approximately 19.5 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Afghanistan, on the other hand, 104.3 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 15.9% less likely to have access to electricity


In Iraq, approximately 100% of the population has electricity access as of 2016. In Afghanistan, 84% of the population do as of 2012.

be 72.6% less likely to have internet access


In Iraq, approximately 49.4% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Afghanistan, about 13.5% do as of 2018.

be 28.3% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Iraq, approximately 98% of people have improved drinking water access (99% in urban areas, and 95% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Afghanistan, that number is 70% of people on average (96% in urban areas, and 61% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Afghanistan: At a glance

Afghanistan is a sovereign country in South Asia, with a total land area of approximately 652,230 sq km. Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, a US, Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. KARZAI was re-elected in August 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

How big is Afghanistan compared to Iraq? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Ministry of Finance, Afghanistan Revenue Department.

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