Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Ethiopia instead of Egypt, you would:

Health

be 85.9% less likely to be obese


In Egypt, 32.0% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people as of 2016.

live 6.2 years less


In Egypt, the average life expectancy is 74 years (72 years for men, 75 years for women) as of 2020. In Ethiopia, that number is 68 years (66 years for men, 70 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

make 82.7% less money


Egypt has a GDP per capita of $12,700 as of 2017, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200 as of 2017.

be 43.4% more likely to be unemployed


In Egypt, 12.2% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5% as of 2012.

pay a 55.6% higher top tax rate


Egypt has a top tax rate of 22.5% as of 2016. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0% as of 2016.

Life

have 16.2% more children


In Egypt, there are approximately 27.2 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Ethiopia, there are 31.6 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 10.8 times more likely to die during childbirth


In Egypt, approximately 37.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Ethiopia, 401.0 women do as of 2017.

be 27.2% less likely to be literate


In Egypt, the literacy rate is 71.2% as of 2017. In Ethiopia, it is 51.8% as of 2017.

be 2.1 times more likely to die during infancy


In Egypt, approximately 17.1 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, 35.8 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 57.1% less likely to have access to electricity


In Egypt, approximately 100% of the population has electricity access as of 2016. In Ethiopia, 43% of the population do as of 2017.

be 60.3% less likely to have internet access


In Egypt, approximately 46.9% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Ethiopia, about 18.6% do as of 2018.

be 31.1% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Egypt, approximately 100% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 99% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Ethiopia, that number is 69% of people on average (97% in urban areas, and 62% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Ethiopia: At a glance

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,096,570 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to Egypt? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Egyptian Tax Authority, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.

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