Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Rwanda instead of Chad, you would:

Health

live 13.7 years longer


In Chad, the average life expectancy is 51 years (49 years for men, 52 years for women). In Rwanda, that number is 64 years (62 years for men, 66 years for women).

be 2.1 times more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Chad, 1.3% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Rwanda, that number is 2.7% of people.

Economy

be 16.3% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Chad, 46.7% live below the poverty line. In Rwanda, however, that number is 39.1%.

spend 50.0% less on taxes


Chad has a top tax rate of 60.0%. In Rwanda, the top tax rate is 30.0%.

Life

be 66.1% less likely to die during childbirth


In Chad, approximately 856.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor. In Rwanda, 290.0 women do.

be 3.2 times more likely to be literate


In Chad, the literacy rate is 22.3%. In Rwanda, it is 70.5%.

be 65.2% less likely to die during infancy


In Chad, approximately 85.4 children die before they reach the age of one. In Rwanda, on the other hand, 29.7 children do.

have 13.8% less children


In Chad, there are approximately 35.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Rwanda, there are 30.7 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 5.2 times more likely to have access to electricity


In Chad, 4% of people have electricity access (14% in urban areas, and 1% in rural areas). In Rwanda, that number is 21% of people on average (67% in urban areas, and 5% in rural areas).

be 49.8% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Chad, approximately 51% of people have improved drinking water access (72% in urban areas, and 45% in rural areas). In Rwanda, that number is 76% of people on average (87% in urban areas, and 72% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 20.7% more on education


Chad spends 2.9% of its total GDP on education. Rwanda spends 3.5% of total GDP on education.

spend 2.1 times more on healthcare


Chad spends 3.6% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Rwanda, that number is 7.5% of GDP.

Rwanda: At a glance

Rwanda is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 24,668 sq km. In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in a state-orchestrated genocide, in which Rwandans killed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the Tutsi population. The genocide ended later that same year when the predominantly Tutsi RPF, operating out of Uganda and northern Rwanda, defeated the national army and Hutu militias, and established an RPF-led government of national unity. Approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and former Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF did in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there, and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009. In January 2013, Rwanda assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

How big is Rwanda compared to Chad? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Rwanda Revenue Authority, General Inspectorate of Finance.

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