Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Sri Lanka instead of Bangladesh, you would:

Health

live 3.5 years longer


In Bangladesh, the average life expectancy is 73 years (71 years for men, 76 years for women). In Sri Lanka, that number is 77 years (74 years for men, 81 years for women).

be 44.4% more likely to be obese


In Bangladesh, 3.6% of adults are obese. In Sri Lanka, that number is 5.2% of people.

Economy

make 3.0 times more money


Bangladesh has a GDP per capita of $4,200, while in Sri Lanka, the GDP per capita is $12,800.

be 72.4% less likely to be live below the poverty line


In Bangladesh, 24.3% live below the poverty line. In Sri Lanka, however, that number is 6.7%.

spend 50.0% less on taxes


Bangladesh has a top tax rate of 30.0%. In Sri Lanka, the top tax rate is 15.0%.

be 12.5% more likely to be unemployed


In Bangladesh, 4.0% of adults are unemployed. In Sri Lanka, that number is 4.5%.

Life

be 83.0% less likely to die during childbirth


In Bangladesh, approximately 176.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Sri Lanka, 30.0 women do.

be 73.5% less likely to die during infancy


In Bangladesh, approximately 31.7 children die before they reach the age of one. In Sri Lanka, on the other hand, 8.4 children do.

be 27.2% more likely to be literate


In Bangladesh, the literacy rate is 72.8%. In Sri Lanka, it is 92.6%.

have 19.1% less children


In Bangladesh, there are approximately 18.8 babies per 1,000 people. In Sri Lanka, there are 15.2 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 56.7% more likely to have access to electricity


In Bangladesh, 60% of people have electricity access (90% in urban areas, and 49% in rural areas). In Sri Lanka, that number is 94% of people on average (99% in urban areas, and 93% in rural areas).

be 76.4% more likely to have internet access


In Bangladesh, approximately 18.2% of the population has internet access. In Sri Lanka, about 32.1% do.

be 10.0% more likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Bangladesh, approximately 87% of people have improved drinking water access (86% in urban areas, and 87% in rural areas). In Sri Lanka, that number is 96% of people on average (98% in urban areas, and 95% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 40.0% more on education


Bangladesh spends 2.5% of its total GDP on education. Sri Lanka spends 3.5% of total GDP on education.

spend 25.0% more on healthcare


Bangladesh spends 2.8% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Sri Lanka, that number is 3.5% of GDP.

Geography

see 2.3 times more coastline


Bangladesh has a total of 580 km of coastline. In Sri Lanka, that number is 1,340 km.

Sri Lanka: At a glance

Sri Lanka is a sovereign country in South Asia, with a total land area of approximately 64,630 sq km. The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced in about the mid-third century B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from circa 200 B.C. to circa A.D. 1000) and Polonnaruwa (from about 1070 to 1200). In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty established a Tamil kingdom in northern Sri Lanka. The coastal areas of the island were controlled by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century. The island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was formally united under British rule by 1815. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted into war in 1983. After two decades of fighting, the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formalized a cease-fire in February 2002 with Norway brokering peace negotiations. Violence between the LTTE and government forces intensified in 2006, but the government regained control of the Eastern Province in 2007. By May 2009, the government announced that its military had defeated the remnants of the LTTE. Since the end of the conflict, the government has enacted an ambitious program of economic development projects, many of which are financed by loans from the Government of China. In addition to efforts to reconstruct its economy, the government has resettled more than 95% of those civilians who were displaced during the final phase of the conflict and released the vast majority of former LTTE combatants captured by Government Security Forces. At the same time, there has been little progress on more contentious and politically difficult issues such as reaching a political settlement with Tamil elected representatives and holding accountable those alleged to have been involved in human rights violations and other abuses during the conflict.

How big is Sri Lanka compared to Bangladesh? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, National Board of Revenue (NBR), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka Inland Revenue Department.

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