Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Rwanda instead of Australia, you would:

Health

be 80.0% less likely to be obese


In Australia, 29.0% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Rwanda, that number is 5.8% of people as of 2016.

be 25.0 times more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS


In Australia, 0.1% of people are living with AIDS/HIV as of 2018. In Rwanda, that number is 2.5% of people as of 2018.

live 17.6 years less


In Australia, the average life expectancy is 83 years (80 years for men, 85 years for women) as of 2020. In Rwanda, that number is 65 years (63 years for men, 67 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

be 51.8% less likely to be unemployed


In Australia, 5.6% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In Rwanda, that number is 2.7% as of 2014.

pay a 33.3% lower top tax rate


Australia has a top tax rate of 45.0% as of 2016. In Rwanda, the top tax rate is 30.0% as of 2016.

make 95.8% less money


Australia has a GDP per capita of $50,400 as of 2017, while in Rwanda, the GDP per capita is $2,100 as of 2017.

Life

have 2.2 times more children


In Australia, there are approximately 12.4 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Rwanda, there are 27.9 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 41.3 times more likely to die during childbirth


In Australia, approximately 6.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Rwanda, 248.0 women do as of 2017.

be 9.0 times more likely to die during infancy


In Australia, approximately 3.1 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Rwanda, on the other hand, 28.0 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 57.0% less likely to have access to electricity


In Australia, approximately 100% of the population has electricity access as of 2016. In Rwanda, 43% of the population do as of 2017.

be 74.8% less likely to have internet access


In Australia, approximately 86.5% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Rwanda, about 21.8% do as of 2018.

be 20.5% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Australia, approximately 100% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 100% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Rwanda, that number is 80% of people on average (92% in urban areas, and 77% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 41.5% less on education


Australia spends 5.3% of its total GDP on education as of 2016. Rwanda spends 3.1% of total GDP on education as of 2018.

Rwanda: At a glance

Rwanda is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 24,668 sq km. In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in a state-orchestrated genocide, in which Rwandans killed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the Tutsi population. The genocide ended later that same year when the predominantly Tutsi RPF, operating out of Uganda and northern Rwanda, defeated the national army and Hutu militias, and established an RPF-led government of national unity. Approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and former Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF did in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there, and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009. In January 2013, Rwanda assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

How big is Rwanda compared to Australia? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Australian Taxation Office, Rwanda Revenue Authority.

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