Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Mongolia instead of United States, you would:

Health

be 43.1% less likely to be obese


In United States, 36.2% of adults are obese as of 2016. In Mongolia, that number is 20.6% of people as of 2016.

live 9.5 years less


In United States, the average life expectancy is 80 years (78 years for men, 82 years for women) as of 2020. In Mongolia, that number is 71 years (67 years for men, 75 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

pay a 74.7% lower top tax rate


United States has a top tax rate of 39.6% as of 2016. In Mongolia, the top tax rate is 10.0% as of 2016.

make 77.1% less money


United States has a GDP per capita of $59,800 as of 2017, while in Mongolia, the GDP per capita is $13,700 as of 2018.

be 81.8% more likely to be unemployed


In United States, 4.4% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In Mongolia, that number is 8.0% as of 2017.

be 96.0% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In United States, 15.1% live below the poverty line as of 2010. In Mongolia, however, that number is 29.6% as of 2016.

Life

have 33.9% more children


In United States, there are approximately 12.4 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Mongolia, there are 16.6 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 2.4 times more likely to die during childbirth


In United States, approximately 19.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Mongolia, 45.0 women do as of 2017.

be 3.6 times more likely to die during infancy


In United States, approximately 5.3 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Mongolia, on the other hand, 19.2 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 18.2% less likely to have access to electricity


In United States, approximately 100% of the population has electricity access as of 2016. In Mongolia, 82% of the population do as of 2016.

be 72.8% less likely to have internet access


In United States, approximately 87.3% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Mongolia, about 23.7% do as of 2018.

be 13.7% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In United States, approximately 99% of people have improved drinking water access (100% in urban areas, and 97% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Mongolia, that number is 85% of people on average (98% in urban areas, and 59% in rural areas) as of 2017.

Expenditures

spend 18.0% less on education


United States spends 5.0% of its total GDP on education as of 2014. Mongolia spends 4.1% of total GDP on education as of 2017.

Mongolia: At a glance

Mongolia is a sovereign country in East/Southeast Asia, with a total land area of approximately 1,553,556 sq km. The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAAN they established a huge Eurasian empire through conquest. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and in the late 17th century came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing and a communist regime was installed in 1924. The modern country of Mongolia, however, represents only part of the Mongols' historical homeland; more ethnic Mongolians live in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China than in Mongolia. Following a peaceful democratic revolution, the ex-communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 and 1992, but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 parliamentary election. The MPRP won an overwhelming majority in the 2000 parliamentary election, but the party lost seats in the 2004 election and shared power with democratic coalition parties from 2004-08. The MPRP regained a solid majority in the 2008 parliamentary elections but nevertheless formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party that lasted until January 2012. In 2009, current President ELBEGDORJ of the Democratic Party was elected to office and was re-elected for his second term in June 2013. In 2010, the MPRP voted to retake the name of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), a name it used in the early 1920s. Shortly thereafter, a new party was formed by former president ENKHBAYAR, which adopted the MPRP name. In the 2012 Parliamentary elections, a coalition of four political parties led by the Democratic Party, gained control of the Parliament.

How big is Mongolia compared to United States? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Internal Revenue Service, General Department of National Taxation.

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