Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Ethiopia instead of United States, you would:

Health

be 87.6% less likely to be obese


In United States, 36.2% of adults are obese. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.5% of people.

live 17.4 years less


In United States, the average life expectancy is 80 years (78 years for men, 82 years for women). In Ethiopia, that number is 63 years (60 years for men, 65 years for women).

Economy

spend 11.6% less on taxes


United States has a top tax rate of 39.6%. In Ethiopia, the top tax rate is 35.0%.

make 96.3% less money


United States has a GDP per capita of $59,500, while in Ethiopia, the GDP per capita is $2,200.

be 4.0 times more likely to be unemployed


In United States, 4.4% of adults are unemployed. In Ethiopia, that number is 17.5%.

be 96.0% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In United States, 15.1% live below the poverty line. In Ethiopia, however, that number is 29.6%.

Life

have 2.9 times more children


In United States, there are approximately 12.5 babies per 1,000 people. In Ethiopia, there are 36.5 babies per 1,000 people.

be 25.2 times more likely to die during childbirth


In United States, approximately 14.0 women per 1,000 births die during labor. In Ethiopia, 353.0 women do.

be 8.6 times more likely to die during infancy


In United States, approximately 5.8 children die before they reach the age of one. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, 49.6 children do.

Basic Needs

be 76.0% less likely to have access to electricity


In United States, 100% of the population has electricity access. In Ethiopia, 24% of the population do.

be 79.8% less likely to have internet access


In United States, approximately 76.2% of the population has internet access. In Ethiopia, about 15.4% do.

be 42.2% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In United States, approximately 99% of people have improved drinking water access (99% in urban areas, and 98% in rural areas). In Ethiopia, that number is 57% of people on average (93% in urban areas, and 49% in rural areas).

Expenditures

spend 10.0% less on education


United States spends 5.0% of its total GDP on education. Ethiopia spends 4.5% of total GDP on education.

spend 71.3% less on healthcare


United States spends 17.1% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Ethiopia, that number is 4.9% of GDP.

Learn more about Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 1,000,000 sq km. Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

How big is Ethiopia compared to United States? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, Internal Revenue Service, Ethiopian Revenues and Customs Authority.