Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Timor-Leste instead of Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, you would:

Health

live 10.7 years less


In Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, the average life expectancy is 80 years (77 years for men, 83 years for women) as of 2020. In Timor-Leste, that number is 69 years (68 years for men, 71 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

be 68.6% less likely to be unemployed


In Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, 14.0% of adults are unemployed as of 1998. In Timor-Leste, that number is 4.4% as of 2014.

Life

have 3.4 times more children


In Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, there are approximately 9.4 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Timor-Leste, there are 32.0 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 2.6 times more likely to die during infancy


In Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, approximately 12.0 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Timor-Leste, on the other hand, 31.7 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 19.0% more likely to have internet access


In Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, approximately 23.1% of the population has internet access as of 2016. In Timor-Leste, about 27.5% do as of 2018.

be 19.3% less likely to have access to improved drinking water


In Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha, approximately 100% of people have improved drinking water access as of 2017. In Timor-Leste, 81% of people do as of 2017.

Timor-Leste: At a glance

Timor-Leste is a sovereign country in East/Southeast Asia, with a total land area of approximately 14,874 sq km. The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. However, in the next three weeks, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. Most of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, Australian-led peacekeeping troops deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste, and the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack, and most of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the attack, the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability, including successful 2012 elections for both the parliament and president. In late 2012, the UN Security Council voted to end its peacekeeping mission in Timor-Leste and both the ISF and UNMIT departed the country by the end of the year.

How big is Timor-Leste compared to Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook.

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