Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): At a glance
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is a sovereign country in South America, with a total land area of approximately 12,173 sq km. Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed. In response to renewed calls from Argentina for Britain to relinquish control of the islands, a referendum was held in March 2013, which resulted in 99.8% of the population voting to remain a part of the UK.
How big is Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) compared to Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha?
See an in-depth size comparison.
The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources:
The World Factbook.