Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Tanzania instead of Madagascar, you would:


be 15.0 times more likely to be living with HIV/AIDS

In Madagascar, 0.3% of people are living with AIDS/HIV. In Tanzania, that number is 4.5% of people.

live 3.7 years less

In Madagascar, the average life expectancy is 66 years (65 years for men, 68 years for women). In Tanzania, that number is 63 years (61 years for men, 64 years for women).

be 58.5% more likely to be obese

In Madagascar, 5.3% of adults are obese. In Tanzania, that number is 8.4% of people.


make 100.0% more money

Madagascar has a GDP per capita of $1,600, while in Tanzania, the GDP per capita is $3,200.

be 67.8% less likely to be live below the poverty line

In Madagascar, 70.7% live below the poverty line. In Tanzania, however, that number is 22.8%.

be 4.9 times more likely to be unemployed

In Madagascar, 2.1% of adults are unemployed. In Tanzania, that number is 10.3%.

spend 50.0% more on taxes

Madagascar has a top tax rate of 20.0%. In Tanzania, the top tax rate is 30.0%.


be 20.4% more likely to be literate

In Madagascar, the literacy rate is 64.7%. In Tanzania, it is 77.9%.

have 12.7% more children

In Madagascar, there are approximately 31.6 babies per 1,000 people. In Tanzania, there are 35.6 babies per 1,000 people.

Basic Needs

be 60.0% more likely to have access to electricity

In Madagascar, 15% of people have electricity access (37% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas). In Tanzania, that number is 24% of people on average (71% in urban areas, and 4% in rural areas).

be 2.8 times more likely to have internet access

In Madagascar, approximately 4.7% of the population has internet access. In Tanzania, about 13.0% do.


spend 66.7% more on education

Madagascar spends 2.1% of its total GDP on education. Tanzania spends 3.5% of total GDP on education.

spend 86.7% more on healthcare

Madagascar spends 3.0% of its total GDP on healthcare. In Tanzania, that number is 5.6% of GDP.


see 70.5% less coastline

Madagascar has a total of 4,828 km of coastline. In Tanzania, that number is 1,424 km.

Tanzania: At a glance

Tanzania is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 885,800 sq km. Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.

How big is Tanzania compared to Madagascar? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: Tanzania Revenue Authority, The World Factbook, General Direction of Taxes.


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