Quality of Life Comparison

COMPARED TO

If you lived in Bangladesh instead of India, you would:

Health

live 4.5 years longer


In India, the average life expectancy is 70 years (68 years for men, 71 years for women) as of 2020. In Bangladesh, that number is 74 years (72 years for men, 76 years for women) as of 2020.

Economy

be 48.2% less likely to be unemployed


In India, 8.5% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In Bangladesh, that number is 4.4% as of 2017.

pay a 15.6% lower top tax rate


India has a top tax rate of 35.5% as of 2016. In Bangladesh, the top tax rate is 30.0% as of 2016.

make 41.7% less money


India has a GDP per capita of $7,200 as of 2017, while in Bangladesh, the GDP per capita is $4,200 as of 2017.

be 11.0% more likely to be live below the poverty line


In India, 21.9% live below the poverty line as of 2011. In Bangladesh, however, that number is 24.3% as of 2016.

Life

be 20.1% less likely to die during infancy


In India, approximately 35.4 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Bangladesh, on the other hand, 28.3 children do as of 2020.

be 19.3% more likely to die during childbirth


In India, approximately 145.0 women per 100,000 births die during labor as of 2017. In Bangladesh, 173.0 women do as of 2017.

Basic Needs

be 10.2% less likely to have access to electricity


In India, approximately 84% of people have electricity access (98% in urban areas, and 78% in rural areas) as of 2017. In Bangladesh, that number is 76% of people on average (94% in urban areas, and 69% in rural areas) as of 2013.

be 56.5% less likely to have internet access


In India, approximately 34.5% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Bangladesh, about 15.0% do as of 2018.

Expenditures

spend 47.4% less on education


India spends 3.8% of its total GDP on education as of 2013. Bangladesh spends 2.0% of total GDP on education as of 2018.

Geography

see 91.7% less coastline


India has a total of 7,000 km of coastline. In Bangladesh, that number is 580 km.

Bangladesh: At a glance

Bangladesh is a sovereign country in South Asia, with a total land area of approximately 130,170 sq km. Muslim conversions and settlement in the region now referred to as Bangladesh began in the 10th century, primarily from Arab and Persian traders and preachers. Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area in the 16th century. Eventually the area known as Bengal, primarily Hindu in the western section and mostly Muslim in the eastern half, became part of British India. Partition in 1947 resulted in an eastern wing of Pakistan in the Muslim-majority area, which became East Pakistan. Calls for greater autonomy and animosity between the eastern and western wings of Pakistan led to a Bengali independence movement. That movement, led by the Awami League (AL) and supported by India, won independence for Bangladesh in a brief war in 1971, during which at least 300,000 civilians died. The post-independence, AL government faced daunting challenges and in 1975 was overthrown by the military, triggering a series of military coups that resulted in a military-backed government and subsequent creation of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP). That government also ended in a coup in 1981, followed by military-backed rule until democratic elections in 1991. The BNP and AL have alternately held power since then, with the exception of a military-backed, emergency caretaker regime that suspended parliamentary elections planned for January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption. That government returned the country to fully democratic rule in December 2008 with the election of the AL and Prime Minister Sheikh HASINA. In January 2014, the AL won the national election by an overwhelming majority after the BNP boycotted, extending HASINA's term as prime minister. With the help of international development assistance, Bangladesh has made great progress in food security since independence, and the economy has grown at an average of about 6 percent over the last two decades.

How big is Bangladesh compared to India? See an in-depth size comparison.


The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, National Board of Revenue (NBR), Bangladesh, Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

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