Quality of Life Comparison


If you lived in Madagascar instead of Hong Kong, you would:


live 15.9 years less

In Hong Kong, the average life expectancy is 83 years (80 years for men, 86 years for women) as of 2020. In Madagascar, that number is 67 years (66 years for men, 69 years for women) as of 2020.


be 41.9% less likely to be unemployed

In Hong Kong, 3.1% of adults are unemployed as of 2017. In Madagascar, that number is 1.8% as of 2017.

make 97.5% less money

Hong Kong has a GDP per capita of $64,500 as of 2018, while in Madagascar, the GDP per capita is $1,600 as of 2017.

be 3.6 times more likely to live below the poverty line

In Hong Kong, 19.9% live below the poverty line as of 2016. In Madagascar, however, that number is 70.7% as of 2012.

pay a 33.3% higher top tax rate

Hong Kong has a top tax rate of 15.0% as of 2016. In Madagascar, the top tax rate is 20.0% as of 2016.


have 3.6 times more children

In Hong Kong, there are approximately 8.4 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020. In Madagascar, there are 29.9 babies per 1,000 people as of 2020.

be 14.0 times more likely to die during infancy

In Hong Kong, approximately 2.7 children die before they reach the age of one as of 2020. In Madagascar, on the other hand, 37.8 children do as of 2020.

Basic Needs

be 77.1% less likely to have access to electricity

In Hong Kong, approximately 100% of the population has electricity access as of 2016. In Madagascar, 23% of the population do as of 2017.

be 89.0% less likely to have internet access

In Hong Kong, approximately 89.4% of the population has internet access as of 2018. In Madagascar, about 9.8% do as of 2018.

be 44.5% less likely to have access to improved drinking water

In Hong Kong, approximately 100% of people have improved drinking water access as of 2017. In Madagascar, 56% of people do as of 2017.


spend 15.2% less on education

Hong Kong spends 3.3% of its total GDP on education as of 2018. Madagascar spends 2.8% of total GDP on education as of 2014.


see 6.6 times more coastline

Hong Kong has a total of 733 km of coastline. In Madagascar, that number is 4,828 km.

Madagascar: At a glance

Madagascar is a sovereign country in Africa, with a total land area of approximately 581,540 sq km. Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA handing over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA defeated RAVALOMANANA's favored candidate Jean-Louis ROBINSON in a presidential runoff and was inaugurated in January 2014. Most international observers, while noting some irregularities, declared polls to be a credible reflection of the Malagasy public's will.

How big is Madagascar compared to Hong Kong? See an in-depth size comparison.

The statistics on this page were calculated using the following data sources: The World Factbook, General Direction of Taxes, Inland Revenue Department, Hong Kong.


Join the Elsewhere community and ask a question about Madagascar. It's a free, question-and-answer based forum to discuss what life is like in countries and cities around the world.

Share this